Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Gown
  • Gown
    Garthwaite, Anna Maria, born 1690 - died 1763
  • Enlarge image

Gown

  • Place of origin:

    Spitalfields (woven)

  • Date:

    1740s (made)
    1780s (altered)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Garthwaite, Anna Maria, born 1690 - died 1763 (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Brocaded satin in coloured silks

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mrs Olive Furnivall

  • Museum number:

    T.264-1966

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 52b, case 1

Object Type
Originally, the gown was probably a sack back, with loose box pleats at the back to allow for maximum display of the silk pattern. The gown would have been open down the front, with folded-back robings and rectangular cuffs at each elbow. The last conversion in the 1780s to the style of that time was quite clumsily executed, suggesting that perhaps the gown had been handed down to a maid.

Design & Designing
The design is brocaded in coloured silks on oyster-coloured satin. Two large sprays of flowers fill the width of the repeat, linked by upward and downward trails of bright pink berries and rose buds. Among the identifiable flowers are roses, morning glory and auricula. From both sprays the flowers on upward stems are brocaded in shades of pink, fawn, lilac, white and black, while those hanging down are in shades of blue, yellow and red. A variety of greens colour the stems and leaves, and the flowers are shaded naturalistically by the weaving technique.

People
The freelance textile designer Anna Maria Garthwaite (1690-1763) received at least 40 commissions for silk designs from a Spitalfields master weaver called Mr Gregory. The design for this silk was one of them. There were a number of members of the Weavers' Company with the name Gregory, so we do not know his exact identity, but the designs she produced for him are some of Garthwaite's prettiest and most fashionable, and include patterns for brocaded lustrings, damasks, tissues and satins.

Physical description

Gown of brocaded oyster coloured satin in coloured silks. Two large sprays flowers fill the width of the repeat, linked by upwards and downwards trails of bright pink berries and rose buds. From both sprays the flowers in upwards stems are brocaded in pink, fawn, lilac, white and black, while those hanging downwards are in shades of blue, yellow and red. Greens are used for the stems and leaves. The flowers are shaded in points rentrés.

Close-fronted bodice and an open fronted skirt with a fitted back. It was altered in the 1780s, and involved the back resetting of the skirt to give a concave waist seam, and removal of the cuffs and of the robings from the front of the bodice, which has been extended to meet in the centre front where it is now tied with three sets of ribbons. The ribbons are of red and green tobine with deckled edges. The sleeves are trimmed with lace.

Ground with a satin of 5 interruption of 2. The wefts of the brocaded design are bound only by decoupures and not by a separate binding warp. The selvedge, 4 mm (0.125 inches), are two red stripes on self coloured ground. Gros de Tours. Width of silk (single comber repeat) between selvedges is 20.75 inches.

Place of Origin

Spitalfields (woven)

Date

1740s (made)
1780s (altered)

Artist/maker

Garthwaite, Anna Maria, born 1690 - died 1763 (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Brocaded satin in coloured silks

Dimensions

Height: 134 cm hem to top of shoulder, Width: 88 cm, Depth: 80.5 cm, Height: 22.75 in repeat

Object history note

Silk designed by Anna Maria Garthwaite (born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, 1690, died in London, 1763)
museum number of design 5982.10.
Woven in Spitalfields, London; dress made in 1740s and altered in the 1780s

Descriptive line

Gown of brocaded satin in coloured silks, designed by Anna Maria Garthwaite, woven in Spitalfields, 1740s and altered in 1780s.

Labels and date

British Galleries:
This gown has been altered into at least two different styles since it was first made up from new silk in 1744. Its original owner would have worn it when the silk pattern was the height of fashion. The value of the fabric made reusing it worthwhile even 40 years later. A design for this silk, by Anna Maria Garthwaite, dated April 22nd 1744, is in the Museum's collection. [27/03/2003]

Categories

Textiles; Fashion; Women's clothes; British Galleries; Europeana Fashion Project

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.