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Print

  • Place of origin:

    Paris (probably, engraved)

  • Date:

    1540-1560 (engraved)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Milan, Pierre (engraver)
    Boyvin, René (engraver)
    Fantuzzi, Antonio (engraver)
    Thiry, Léonard (artist)
    Rosso Fiorentino, born 1494 - died 1540 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Engraving print on paper

  • Museum number:

    E.1026-1908

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level D, case EO, shelf 9

This print belongs to a set of nine engravings showing designs for objects to be made in metalwork such as ewers, candlesticks, tureens, etc. The series was traditionally attributed to René Boyvin, a French engraver, etcher and designer of the Fontainebleau school. The school is named for the circle of artists involved in the decoration of the French royal château of Fontainebleau, built from 1528 under the patronage of Francis I near Paris. Their work is often characterised by intricate ornamentation and the use of mythological settings. The print has now also been ascribed to Pierre Milan and to Antonio Fantuzzi, artists also associated with Fontainebleau. The artist who drew the original designs for the prints was long thought to be Rosso Fiorentino, the Italian Mannerist painter and draughtsman who worked at Fontainebleau between 1530 and 1540 and drew designs for goldsmiths while he was there. But it has also been suggested that it was in fact Léonard Thiry, a Flemish painter and draughtsman who worked as Rosso’s assistant at Fontainebleau. Nevertheless, the influence of Rosso Fiorentino in these prints is very strong.

Physical description

Two designs for braziers and three designs for trays. The left brazier is decorated with eagles, putti and salamanders; the right one is decorated with dragons, grotesque masks and putti. The first tray is decorated with a mask and leaves; the second with a cherub head, fruits and vegetables and the last one with vine. Engraving from a set of nine prints showing designs for objects in metalwork. Attributed to René Boyvin, Pierre Milan or Antonio Fantuzzi after designs by Rosso Fiorentino or Léonard Thiry; mid 16th century. Inscribed: 'Cum privilegio regis'.

Place of Origin

Paris (probably, engraved)

Date

1540-1560 (engraved)

Artist/maker

Milan, Pierre (engraver)
Boyvin, René (engraver)
Fantuzzi, Antonio (engraver)
Thiry, Léonard (artist)
Rosso Fiorentino, born 1494 - died 1540 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Engraving print on paper

Marks and inscriptions

Lettered in the lower centre of the plate:

'Cum privilegio regis'

Dimensions

Height: 14.0 cm Cut to, Width: 18.1 cm Cut to

Historical context note

This print belongs to a set of nine engravings showing designs for objects in metalwork such as ewers, tazza, nefs, etc. The series was traditionally attributed to René Boyvin. It has now also been ascribed to Pierre Milan and to Antonio Fantuzzi (Zerner, L’Ecole de Fontainebleau, 1972, no. 438; Brugerolles, Le dessin en France au XVIe siècle: dessins et miniatures des collections de l'Ecole des Beaux-Arts, 1994, pp. 104-106). As to the artist who drew the models for the prints, it was long thought to be Rosso Fiorentino, due to Vasari’s statement that Rosso, during his stay in France, had drawn designs for goldsmiths. But Jessen in 1920 (Der Ornamentstich) and Kusenberg, in 1933 (‘Autour de Rosso,’ in La Gazette des Beaux-Arts, X, 1933, pp. 158-72), suggested, among others, that it was in fact Léonard Thiry. E. A. Carroll in The Drawings of Rosso Fiorentino (1976, pp. 413-414) confirmed this hypothesis. Nevertheless, the influence of Rosso in these prints is very strong.

Descriptive line

René Boyvin, Pierre Milan or Antonio Fantuzzi, attributed to. Design for three trays. One of eight plates from a suite of nine designs for metalwork objects. France, 1540-1560.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Robert-Dumesnil, A. P. F. Le peintre-graveur français, ou Catalogue raisonné des estampes gravées par les peintres et les dessinateurs de l'école française. Ouvrage faisant suite au Peintre-graveur de M. Bartsch. Par A.-P.-F. Robert-Dumesnil. Paris: G. Warée, 1835-71. 11 v. Vol. VIII, no. 174.
Jessen, Peter. Der Ornamentstich; Geschichte der Vorlagen des Kunsthandwerks seit dem Mittelalter, von Peter Jessen. Berlin, Verlag für Kunstwissenschaft m.b.h., 1920. 384 p., illus.
Kusenberg, Kurt. Autour de Rosso. La Gazette des Beaux-Arts, X, 1933, p. 171.
Zerner, Henri. L'Ecole de Fontainebleau. 1972. No. 438.
Carroll, Eugene. A. The Drawings of Rosso Fiorentino. New York: Garland Publications, 1976. 2 v., ill. ISBN 0824019822. pp. 413-414.

Production Note

Attributed to Pierre Milan. Attributed to René Boyvin. Attributed to Antonio Fantuzzi.

Materials

Ink; Paper

Techniques

Engraving

Subjects depicted

Brazier; Designs; Ornament; Mythology; Leaves; Eagles; Mascarons; Putti; Fruit; Vegetables; Trays; Salamanders; Metal-work; Dragons

Categories

Prints; Ornament prints

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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