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  • Place of origin:

    Lahore (possibly, made)
    Amritsar (possibly, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1870 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Woodcut on paper

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This example of a popular Sikh woodcut was collected at one of the local fairs or bazaars by John Lockwood Kipling while he was director from 1875 to 1893 of the Mayo School of Art at Lahore, in present-day north-east Pakistan. It was presented to the V&A in 1917 by his famous son, Rudyard. It depicts the Hindu god Shiva and his consort, Parvati, seated beneath a tree preparing opium, with their animal vahanas or vehicles in front of them. The elephant-headed god Ganesh is also seated in front of them, and the goddess Kartikkeya is climbing on the lion’s back. Such woodcuts were made by Sikhs for tourists or pilgrims and this example was clearly intended specifically for Hindu pilgrims.

Physical description

Shiva and Parvati are shown seated, preparing opium, with their animal vehicles before them. Ganesh is seated in front of them and Kartikkeya is climbing on the lion's back .

Place of Origin

Lahore (possibly, made)
Amritsar (possibly, made)


ca. 1870 (made)



Materials and Techniques

Woodcut on paper

Object history note

This group contains 196 prints, paintings, and pen and pencil drawings from Amritsar, Lahore, Bengal and Bombay. The collection is mainly composed of lithograph pictures sold at the local bazaars and fairs.

Descriptive line

Sikh woodcut depicting Shiva and Parvati with Nandi, Ganesh, Kartikkeya and a lion, from Lahore or Amritsar, about 1870

Production Note

Popular Sikh


Ink; Paper (fiber product)



Subjects depicted

Opium; Lions; Cattle; Animals




South & South East Asia Collection

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