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Vest

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (made)

  • Date:

    1880-1900 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Machine-knitted silk, pearl, hand-sewn and machine-sewn

  • Credit Line:

    Given by B. W. Owram

  • Museum number:

    T.168-1960

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 125b, case 3

Object Type
Vests became fashionable during the 1840s and were often described as 'undershirts'. Men had previously worn under-waistcoats for extra warmth. Vests and pants were worn next to the skin under the shirt or trousers.

Design & Designing
By 1894 a range of styles was available, including ventilated waistcoats of lambswool with perforations under the arms, silk undershirts and vests made of lambswool. Many men preferred to have the vest and pants combined in one. These were known as combinations and became very popular in the 20th century.

Materials & Making
Vests were made in linen, cotton and merino, but machine-knitted silk was fashionable with the wealthy and also for summer wear. Undervests of natural coloured wool or cellular cotton were also popular, as these fabrics allowed the skin to breathe. Such materials were seen by dress reformers as the healthy alternative to silk, which they claimed trapped harmful chemicals close to the skin. By the late 19th century vests were available in a range of colours, including peach, flesh tint, lavender, light blue and heliotrope.

Ownership & Use
A typical gentleman probably owned several sets of vests and underpants. They were often initialled with the name of the owner so they could be recognised during the laundry process. By 1906 the vast majority of men dispensed with underwear altogether in the summer months.

Physical description

Machine-knitted cream silk vest with a silk placket and pearl buttons, hand-sewn and machine-sewn. High neck.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (made)

Date

1880-1900 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Machine-knitted silk, pearl, hand-sewn and machine-sewn

Dimensions

Length: 69 cm, Width: 47 cm

Object history note

Made in Britain

Descriptive line

Machine-knitted silk vest, Great Britain, 1880-1900

Labels and date

British Galleries:
VEST AND UNDERPANTS

Knitted silk underwear became very fashionable in the late19th century. It fitted close to the body and did not disrupt the line of a smart, well-tailored suit. [27/03/2003]

Categories

Underwear; Men's clothes; Fashion; Textiles; Europeana Fashion Project

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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