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Bed valance

Bed valance

  • Place of origin:

    Warwickshire (made)

  • Date:

    1600-1610 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Sheldon Tapestry Workshops (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Tapestry-woven in silk and wool, with some silver thread; 18-19 warp threads per in (7-8 per cm)

  • Credit Line:

    Purchased with the assistance of The Art Fund, an Anonymous Donor, Sir Frederick Richard and the Vallentin Bequest

  • Museum number:

    T.117-1934

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, room 58b, case 6

Object Type
This remarkable valance, virtually complete, cannot have seen much use since it is still in prime condition with unfaded colours. Many textiles of this age have been damaged by light so that their colours are now subdued and appear to be in a limited range of dyes. The valance is particularly important in demonstrating how very bright and vibrant the colours could be in the 16th century. It is the only known valance that might have been woven at the Sheldon tapestry workshop.

Use
The valance would have been hung around the top of a bed, together with curtains. Bed furnishings provided warmth and decoration. Many had lively narrative scenes or favourite motifs in bright colours.

Subjects Depicted
The idealised hunting and country scenes, separated by vases of fruit and flowers, show some of the favoured pursuits of 16th- and 17th-century England. The limited sense of perspective is still provided in much the same way as it had been in tapestries of the 15th century, with scenes in layers set on hilly slopes. The topmost layer showing small trees and castles gives a sketchy impression of the far distance.

Physical description

The valance is composed of a narrow floral border above a long narrow strip with hunting scenes against a landscape background. The border is in three pieces, stitched together: 96.5; 193; 289.6 cm long respectively (the latter has an uncut division 96.5cm from the selvedge). The valance is in three pieces: 203.2; 143.5; 203.2cm long respectively.

Place of Origin

Warwickshire (made)

Date

1600-1610 (made)

Artist/maker

Sheldon Tapestry Workshops (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Tapestry-woven in silk and wool, with some silver thread; 18-19 warp threads per in (7-8 per cm)

Dimensions

Height: 25 cm, Width: 534 cm

Object history note

Made at the Sheldon tapestry workshops at Bordesley, Worcestershire or Barcheston, Warwickshire. Purchased with the assistance of the Art Fund, Sir Frederick Richard and an anonymous donor, in 1934 from the executors of Colonel Henry Howard (RP 3144/1934).

Labels and date

British Galleries:
Valances were often made of tapestry, woven with flowers, fruit and scenes of rural life. They were hung around the top and bottom of a bed, usually with matching curtains, to provide warmth and decoration. The exceptionally bright, unfaded colours on this valance suggest that it has been little used. Green and yellow dyes were particularly vulnerable to fading. [27/03/2003]

Materials

Wool; Silk; Silver

Techniques

Weaving

Subjects depicted

Hunting; Hunters; Landscapes

Categories

Textiles; Household objects

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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