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  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1700 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Wrought iron

  • Credit Line:

    Given by the Honourable Bedford Level Corporation

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 54, case 10, shelf EXP []

Object Type
Wrought iron baluster with foliate decoration. This baluster is part of a large staircase. Another part of it (museum no. M.56-1921) can be seen in the Ironwork Gallery (113) and this piece includes similar foliage as well as masks and cloths of estate - motifs common in the work of Jean Tijou.

This baluster comes from 35 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London which was destroyed by a bomb in 1941. The house was originally built in 1659 and was later rebuilt in 1754 by Sir Robert Taylor (died 1788).

The baluster either pre-dates the 1754 house or was deliberately made to look old fashioned, as both the style and technique of the balusters and balcony made for the house bear a close resemblance to the work of Jean Tijou (active in England 1687 -1712). Whilst there is nothing to prove that this baluster is the work of Tijou it was certainly created in his style and, if dating from 1754, attests to his lasting influence.

Place of Origin

England (made)


ca. 1700 (made)



Materials and Techniques

Wrought iron


Height: 110 cm, Width: 25 cm

Object history note

From a house at 35 Lincoln's Inn Fields, re-built in 1754; possibly made at that time in an earlier style.

Descriptive line

Baluster from a staircase in a house in Lincoln's Inn Fields

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

figs.45-46, p.146
Gardner, John Starkie. Ironwork. Part 3: A complete survey of the artistic working of iron in Great Britain from the earliest times. London : Published under the authority of the H.M.S.O., 1922. 198 p., 46 p. of plates, ill. ISBN 0905209028.
Höver, Otto. Das Eisenwerk: Die Kunstformen des Schmiedeeisens vom Mittelalter bis zum ausgang des 18 Jahrhunderts. Tubingen, 1961.
Ayrton, Maxwell and Arnold Silcock. Wrought iron and its decorative use. London: Country Life, ltd; New York: C. Scribner's sons, 1929. 4 pl., 196 p., ill.
Baur-Heinhold, Margarete. Schmiedeeisen : Gitter, Tore u. Geländer. München: Callwey, 1977. 176 p., ill. ISBN 3766704079
Encyclopaedia of Ironwork: Examples of hand wrought iron from the Middle Ages to the end of the Eighteenth century. 1927. pl.199.
Ingram, H. V. Wrought-iron Gates. Country Life. Jan. 20th 1950. pp. 156-157.
Dawson, N. English Iron Railings, Gates etc of XVII and XVIII Centuries. pp.17-22.

Production Note

From a house at 35, Lincoln's Inn Fields, re-built in 1754; possibly made at that time in an earlier style


Wrought iron


Forging (metal forming)


Architectural fittings; Metalwork; Ironwork


Metalwork Collection

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