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Candlestick

Candlestick

  • Place of origin:

    Birmingham (probably, made)

  • Date:

    1820-1850 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Brass

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by G. Russell-Davies, through the Brighton Museum

  • Museum number:

    M.393-1917

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 118; The Wolfson Gallery, case 1

Object Type
This brass candlestick is typical of the cheap domestic brass wares that were mass-produced for international markets in cities like Sheffield and Birmingham, with their strong traditions of metal production.

Function
To solve the problem of removing the stub of a used candle from the socket of a candlestick, a mechanical device was introduced in about 1730. It consisted of an iron rod fitted with circular brass discs at either end, which operated vertically within the hollow candle stem. By pushing up the button in the base, the stub was ejected at the top.

Manufacturing Process
In the 18th century and before, brass candlesticks were usually made from castings produced in a two-piece mould. The various elements, such as the base and column, were then soldered or 'brazed' together. By the early 19th century, columns were often made from extruded brass tubing. This allowed candlesticks to be made of thin gauge metal, and, as a consequence, they were much cheaper, since they required far less brass than the old cast versions.

Place of Origin

Birmingham (probably, made)

Date

1820-1850 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Brass

Dimensions

Height: 19.3 cm

Object history note

Probably made in Birmingham

Descriptive line

Brass, with a raiser rod in the stem. ENGLISH; early 19th century
G Russel-Davies Bequest; Brasswork

Labels and date

British Galleries:
Before the early 19th century brass candlesticks were made by casting in a two-piece mould. After that date they were often made as a single casting, or as here, from extruded brass tubing. This created a very thin-walled and cheaper product. [27/03/2003]

Categories

Metalwork; Lighting

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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