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Plan - Plan du Jardin & Vue des Maisons de Chiswick
  • Plan du Jardin & Vue des Maisons de Chiswick
    Rocque, Jean
  • Enlarge image

Plan du Jardin & Vue des Maisons de Chiswick

  • Object:

    Plan

  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    1736 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Rocque, Jean (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Etching and engraving, ink on paper

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Jane O. S. Elgood

  • Museum number:

    E.352-1944

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 54, case WW

Object Type
This print by Jean Rocque combines two printmaking techniques - etching and engraving. Both involved creating a pattern of grooves to hold ink in a metal printing plate. The image on the printing plate was the reverse of the final image. The etched lines were made using acid, while the engraved lines were scored by means of a sharp tool called a burin. The grooves were then filled with ink and the image was transferred onto a blank sheet of paper.

Subject Depicted
Jean Rocque has combined a map of the gardens of Chiswick House at the centre of this print, with a series of views of the house and garden around the margins. The house is just to the left of the middle of the three views running down the right-hand edge. It is also depicted in three of the four scenes along the bottom edge. In the bottom right-hand corner is a view of the side of the house that faces the garden. Next to this is a view of the front of the building, and then a view of the side.

Trading
Jean Rocque (active from 1730, died in 1762) was a French surveyor, mapmaker and printmaker. He was living in London at the time he made this print. The lettering on it says it could be bought from 'the Proprietor at ye Canister and Sugar Loaf in Great Windmill Street St James's'. This suggests the print was being sold not from a print shop but from the premises of a grocer or tea merchant, in the French quarter of Soho in London. Perhaps Rocque was lodging there with a fellow countryman.

Physical description

Plan with 13 views of Chiswick House and grounds.

Place of Origin

London (made)

Date

1736 (made)

Artist/maker

Rocque, Jean (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Etching and engraving, ink on paper

Dimensions

Height: 62 cm paper, Width: 80 cm paper

Object history note

Drawn and etched in London by Jean Rocque (active from 1730, died in 1762)

Descriptive line

Jean Rocque. Plan of the Garden and House at Chiswick with 13 views. 1736

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Victoria and Albert Museum, Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design & Department of Paintings, Accessions 1944, London: Printed under the Authority of the Ministry of Education 1949.

Labels and date

British Galleries:
Lord Burlington began to design his villa at Chiswick, near London, in 1729. It was an exceptionally pure example of Palladianism. The garden was full of variety and ornamented with classical buildings and sculpture. Burlington believed that the strange snaking paths were like those in ancient Roman gardens. [27/03/2003]

Materials

Printing ink

Techniques

Engraving; Etching

Categories

Prints; Architectural fittings; Designs; Printmaking techniques; Topography

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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