Image of Gallery in South Kensington
On display at V&A South Kensington
British Galleries, Room 118a

Metalwares pattern book, c.1820

Pattern Book
1818-1820 (made)
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

Object Type
This print is an engraving, a technique whereby an image is made by gouging lines into the surface of a flat metal plate, inking the plate and then under pressure transferring the ink held in the lines onto a sheet of paper.

Subject Depicted
This design for a wafer iron is from a volume of designs for door knockers, wafer irons, waffle irons, latches and candle snuffers. This collection of designs was created in about 1820 by an unknown English manufacturer.

A wafer iron is made up of two shallow pans that clasp together, and a long handle. The wafer biscuit is cooked on the fire, between the two pans. The design on the wafer iron was transferred to the wafer during the cooking process.

This design contains the American patriotic symbol of an American bald-headed eagle with the motto 'E Pluribus Unum' (From out of the many, one). The motto is written in reverse on the wafer iron, so that it reads the correct way round on the heated wafer biscuit. This design was therefore clearly intended for the production of wafer irons for use in the United States.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Engravings, ink on paper, with cloth and leather binding
Brief Description
Metalwares pattern book, c.1820
Physical Description
Pattern book with designs for doorknockers, wafer-irons, latches and candle-snuffers.
Dimensions
  • Height: 20cm
  • Width: 33cm
  • Approx. depth: 10cm
Dimensions checked: Measured; 04/10/1999 by RK dimensions to be checked by conservation
Marks and Inscriptions
Inscribed 'Wafer Iron No. 2' and 'E.PLURIBUS UNUM' in reverse
Gallery Label
METALWARES PATTERN BOOK for the export trade 1818-1820 This page shows a door knocker in a catalogue of patterns for metalwares, such as waffle irons, latches and candle snuffers. The patriotic motif on this particular product, an American bald-headed eagle, indicates it was specifically aimed at the American market. Engraving, ink on paper; with cloth and leather binding Published in England by an unidentified manufacturer Museum no. E.229-1927 (19/03/2018)
Object history
Published in England by an unidentified manufacturer
Summary
Object Type
This print is an engraving, a technique whereby an image is made by gouging lines into the surface of a flat metal plate, inking the plate and then under pressure transferring the ink held in the lines onto a sheet of paper.

Subject Depicted
This design for a wafer iron is from a volume of designs for door knockers, wafer irons, waffle irons, latches and candle snuffers. This collection of designs was created in about 1820 by an unknown English manufacturer.

A wafer iron is made up of two shallow pans that clasp together, and a long handle. The wafer biscuit is cooked on the fire, between the two pans. The design on the wafer iron was transferred to the wafer during the cooking process.

This design contains the American patriotic symbol of an American bald-headed eagle with the motto 'E Pluribus Unum' (From out of the many, one). The motto is written in reverse on the wafer iron, so that it reads the correct way round on the heated wafer biscuit. This design was therefore clearly intended for the production of wafer irons for use in the United States.
Bibliographic Reference
Victoria and Albert Museum, Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design and Department of Paintings, Accessions 1927, London: Board of Education, 1928.
Collection
Accession Number
E.229-1927

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record createdMarch 27, 2003
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