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Wallpaper frieze - Ravenna
  • Ravenna
    Kydd, William Shand, born 1864 - died 1936
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Ravenna

  • Object:

    Wallpaper frieze

  • Place of origin:

    London (printed)

  • Date:

    1896 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Kydd, William Shand, born 1864 - died 1936 (designer)
    Shand Kydd Ltd. (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Outlines block printed and filled in with stencil, on paper

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Shand Kydd Ltd

  • Museum number:

    E.1524-1954

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case MM, shelf 12

Object Type
In the last 20 years of the 19th century it became fashionable in interior decoration to divide the wall into three sections: the dado which ran around the room from the skirting up to a height of 3 or 4 feet, then the filling which was an all-over repeating pattern and above this, a frieze on the upper part of the wall up to the ceiling or cornice (a moulding between wall and ceiling). Like this example, the frieze often had a bold pattern.

People
William Shand Kydd (1864-1936) had worked for the wallpaper manufacturer Hayward & Son before setting up his own wallpaper business in London in 1891. In the early years he designed most of the papers himself. They were highly praised at the time for their originality, confident design, and beautiful colouring. The company became very successful and supplied papers to the most fashionable London furnishing shops.

Materials & Making
This frieze was produced by printing the outlines of the pattern from a carved wood block, and then filling in the colour using stencils. Stencils had been used to apply colour to wallpapers in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. In the 1880s it was reintroduced to commercial wallpaper production by Hayward & Sons. Shand Kydd learned the technique when he worked for the company and went on to use it for many of the wallpapers and friezes produced by his own firm.

Physical description

Portion of wallpaper frieze with 'Ravenna' design, scrolling foliage with flowers, on a pale ground; Outlines block printed and filled in with stencil, on paper.

Place of Origin

London (printed)

Date

1896 (made)

Artist/maker

Kydd, William Shand, born 1864 - died 1936 (designer)
Shand Kydd Ltd. (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Outlines block printed and filled in with stencil, on paper

Marks and inscriptions

Lettered in the selvedge: 'SHAND KYDD DES.' and 'RAVENNA'

Dimensions

Height: 76 cm, Width: 115.2 cm

Object history note

Given by by Shand Kydd Ltd.
Designed by William Shand Kydd (born in Edinburgh, 1864, died in London, 1936) and printed by his firm in London.
This design was first produced in 1896.

Descriptive line

Portion of wallpaper frieze with 'Ravenna' design, scrolling foliage with flowers, on a pale ground; Outlines block printed and filled in with stencil, on paper; Design by William Shand Kydd; Produced by Shand Kydd Ltd; London, England; 1896.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Oman, Charles C., and Hamilton, Jean. Wallpapers: a history and illustrated catalogue of the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum. London: Sotheby Publications, in association with the Victoria and Albert Museum, 1982.
Sugden, A. V., and Edmondson, J. L. A History of English Wallpaper. 1509-1914. London, 1926.

Labels and date

British Galleries:
William Shand Kydd set up his own wallpaper business in London in 1891. This became one of the most successful commercial wallpaper firms supplying Arts and Crafts wallpapers to shops such as Liberty's and Maples. Their friezes, for use on the upper part of the wall, were very popular. They were block-printed with delicate stencilled shading. [27/03/2003]

Production Note

This design was first produced in 1896.

Materials

Paper

Techniques

Printing; Stencilling

Subjects depicted

Scrolling foliage; Flowers (plants); Acanthus

Categories

Wall coverings; Prints

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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