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Wallpaper

Wallpaper

  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    1848 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    A. W. Pugin, born 1812 - died 1852 (designer)
    Scott, Samuel (manufacturer)
    John G Crace & Son (supplier)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Colour woodblock print, on paper

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Cole & Son (Wallpapers) Ltd.

  • Museum number:

    E.150-1976

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, room 514a, case RK, shelf 2, box R

Object Type
In Britain, paper printed with patterns has been used for decorating walls since the 16th century. By the late 19th century wallpapers were widely used by all classes, in homes and also in public buildings.

Places
This wallpaper was designed especially for the Palace of Westminster. The pattern incorporates references to its purpose. The crowned portcullis is the symbol for the Palace, and the crowned flower is the Tudor rose, a Royal emblem. The letters 'V' and 'R' stand for Victoria Regina - Queen Victoria. The design was intended to symbolise the authority of Crown and Parliament.

Design & Designing
A.W.N. Pugin (1812-1852) was responsible for the design of almost all the furnishings of the Palace of Westminster, including more than a hundred wallpapers.Pugin was a leading design reformer. He held strong views on what was appropriate in the decoration of domestic furnishings. In particular he believed that flat surfaces such as walls should be decorated only with flat patterns, and not patterns that gave the illusion of depth and substance.

Physical description

Unused portion of a wallpaper, with a pattern of the Tudor rose and portcullis, and the initials VR; gold, brown and red on a dark-red ground; Colour woodblock print, on paper.

Place of Origin

London (made)

Date

1848 (made)

Artist/maker

A. W. Pugin, born 1812 - died 1852 (designer)
Scott, Samuel (manufacturer)
John G Crace & Son (supplier)

Materials and Techniques

Colour woodblock print, on paper

Marks and inscriptions

Coles 0147
Inscribed in ink on the back.

Dimensions

Height: 63 cm unmounted, Width: 57 cm

Object history note

Given by Cole & Son (Wallpapers) Ltd.
Designed by A.W. N. Pugin (born in London, 1812, died in Ramsgate, Kent, 1852); manufactured in London by Samuel Scott, for the firm of J.G. Crace.
Designed for use in the Houses of Parliament.

Descriptive line

Unused portion of a wallpaper, with a pattern of the Tudor rose and portcullis, and the initials 'VR'; gold, brown and red on a dark-red ground; Colour woodblock print, on paper; Designed by A. W. N. Pugin for the Houses of Parliament; Produced by Samuel Scott for J. G. Crace; England; 1848.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Oman, Charles C., and Hamilton, Jean. Wallpapers: a history and illustrated catalogue of the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum. London: Sotheby Publications, in association with the Victoria and Albert Museum, 1982.
Saunders, Gill. Wallpaper in Interior Decoration. V&A Publications. London. 2002. pp. 105. pl 88.
Julius Bryant, ed. Art and Design for All. The Victoria and Albert Museum London: V&A Publishing, 2011. ISBN: 9781851776665.

Labels and date

British Galleries:
This striking design is typical of A.W.N. Pugin's bold wallpaper patterns. The crowned portcullis is the symbol for the Palace of Westminster and the crowned flower is the Tudor rose. The letters 'V' and 'R' stand for Victoria Regina - Queen Victoria. [27/03/2003]

Production Note

Designed for use in the Houses of Parliament.

Materials

Paper

Techniques

Colour woodblock print

Subjects depicted

Portcullises; Tudor roses

Categories

Wall coverings; Prints

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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