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  • Place of origin:

    Bristol (made)

  • Date:

    1750 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Lund and Miller (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Soft-paste porcelain, decorated in underglaze purple

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Mr Wallace Elliot

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 52, The George Levy Gallery, case 6

Object Type
This English adaptation of a Chinese Taoist Immortal would have been purely decorative. Furniture designs of about the same date as this piece show similar figures displayed on wall brackets and on shelves built into elaborate carved and gilt mirrors. They were probably also displayed in small glazed 'china' cabinets and on chimney-pieces.

Materials & Making
The figure is made from a type of soft-paste porcelain containing soaprock. This was used in place of the china stone employed in true or 'hard-paste' porcelain of the Chinese type. It was mined under licence near the Lizard in Cornwall. Bristol was one of the first porcelain factories to use soaprock. Its use was noticed there in 1750, when it cost £5 a ton. 'Being so dear', wrote one observer, 'it must be much better than pipe clay'. The purple at the base of the figure is derived from manganese and was applied to the figure after the first firing but before it was dipped in glaze and the glaze fired on. Manganese is one of the few pigments that can withstand the heat of the first firing (around 1100-1150 degrees C), but it was very rarely used.

Physical description

Figure of Taoist immortal Lu Dongbin, of soft-paste porcelain. He is standing, bearded in a long robe, on a mounded base moulded with scrollwork in low relief, irregularly coloured with manganese purple blotches.

Place of Origin

Bristol (made)


1750 (made)


Lund and Miller (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Soft-paste porcelain, decorated in underglaze purple

Marks and inscriptions

'Bristoll 1750'
Moulded in relief on the base at the back


Height: 17.8 cm, Width: 6.77 cm approx.

Object history note

Windlesham, C.H.B. Caldwell, 1931.

Descriptive line

Figure of Taoist immortal Lu Dongbin, soft-paste porcelain, decorated in underglaze purple, made by Lund and Miller, Bristol, England, 1750

Labels and date

British Galleries:
The figure is copied from one made in the Fujian Province of southern China. Fujian potters specialized in undecorated white porcelains. The East India Companies imported such figures into Europe, where they were greatly admired and imitated. Unlike many Chinoiserie pieces, this figure is a close copy of a Chinese original. [27/03/2003]


Soft paste porcelain



Subjects depicted

Daoist Immortals


Ceramics; Figures & Decorative ceramics; Porcelain


Ceramics Collection

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