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Milk pan

Milk pan

  • Place of origin:

    Delft (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1694 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Marot, Daniel, born 1661 - died 1752 (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Tin-glazed earthenware, painted in blue

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 54, case WW

Object Type
Milk pans were used in special dairy buildings on great estates. Fresh milk would be brought daily to the dairy and poured into these shallow pans to allow the cream to settle. This was then skimmed off and churned into butter. The management of the dairy was seen as a highly appropriate female pastime, associated with romantic notions of goodness and simplicity. From the late 17th century onwards, it became fashionable to embellish dairies with sumptuous decorations.

Mary II (1662-1694) had temporary lodgings at Hampton Court in the old Water Gallery, a detached Tudor building fronting the Thames. From 1689 the building was remodelled in contemporary style after designs by Daniel Marot. It had a balcony on to the water and was decked with China and fine pictures. According to the writer Daniel Defoe, it had a 'dairy, with all its conveniences, in which the Queen took great delight'. Unfortunately Mary II did not live long to enjoy it; she died in 1694. All the surviving milk pans that are thought to have come from this dairy bear the mark of Adrianus Kocx, proprietor of the prestigious 'Greek A' factory in Delft, The Netherlands, from 1686 to 1701. At the time of her death, Mary II owed him £122 14s 9d for 'Dutch China or ware'.

Place of Origin

Delft (made)


ca. 1694 (made)


Marot, Daniel, born 1661 - died 1752 (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Tin-glazed earthenware, painted in blue

Marks and inscriptions

Inscribed with AK in blue for Adrianus Kocx (died in Delft, The Netherlands, 1701)


Height: 12.1 cm, Diameter: 48.2 cm

Object history note

Probably after designs by Daniel Marot (born in Paris, 1661, died in The Hague, The Netherlands, 1752)
Made in Delft, The Netherlands

Descriptive line

Delft Cream Pan

Labels and date

British Galleries:
Queen Mary's Water Gallery at Hampton Court was furnished to designs by Daniel Marot (1661-1752). The delftware closet was hung with panels four tiles high and the Dairy equipped with milk pans. The tiles celebrate military success. Here, the soldier's flag bears the royal monogram WM. A companion tile shows William III on horseback. The tiles share the decorative framework of acanthus and strapwork. The milk pans are decorated with pastoral landscapes based on contemporary prints. [27/03/2003]


Ceramics; Royalty; Delftware


Ceramics Collection

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