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Queen Victoria

  • Object:

    Bust

  • Place of origin:

    Stoke-on-Trent (made)

  • Date:

    1862 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Marochetti, Carlo Baron (Baron ), born 1805 - died 1867 (sculptor)
    Minton (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Parian porcelain

  • Museum number:

    7889-1862

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 123, case 1

Object Type
Parian was a type of porcelain developed in the 1840s for use in statuary. It had similar surface qualities to marble, and was named after the Greek island of Paros, where marble was quarried. Parian was less prone to discoloration than unglazed bone china, which had previously been used to produce ceramic figures in imitation of marble. Parian figures and busts became very popular, making sculpture affordable for the middle classes. Numerous models were produced, depicting classical subjects or, as here, eminent individuals.

Materials & Making
Credit for the invention of Parian was hotly contested. Both Minton, who produced these busts, and Copeland laid claim to the discovery of the formula. Because of this unresolved dispute, the jury of the Great Exhibition of 1851 failed to award a Council Medal for its invention. Nevertheless, the material enjoyed enormous success when it was shown there.

Historical Associations
The original marble sculptures from which this Parian bust and its pair, a bust of Prince Albert (museum no. 7888-1862), were copied were made by the Italian sculptor Carlo Marochetti (1805-1867) and were shown at the Royal Academy in 1851. These Parian versions were shown by Minton at the London International Exhibition of 1862, at which an entire section was devoted to 'Parian and Ivory'.

Place of Origin

Stoke-on-Trent (made)

Date

1862 (made)

Artist/maker

Marochetti, Carlo Baron (Baron ), born 1805 - died 1867 (sculptor)
Minton (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Parian porcelain

Dimensions

Height: 29 cm, Width: 18.3 cm, Depth: 11 cm

Descriptive line

Bust of Queen Victoria, Minton & Co. after Carlo Marochetti, Stoke-on-Trent, 1862

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Chen, xie jun. World Exposition Museum. Shanghai: Shanghai wen yi chu ban she, 2010 ISBN 9787532140503/G.107. 95,97,99,105,pp. ill.

Labels and date

British Galleries:
The original marble busts by Carlo Marochetti were displayed at the Royal Academy in 1851. Parian porcelain replicated marble but could be industrially produced. [27/03/2003]

Production Note

Original sculpture 1851; this version made in 1862

Categories

Sculpture; Portraits; Royalty; Ceramics; Porcelain; Parian ware

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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