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  • Place of origin:

    Norwich (made)

  • Date:

    1876 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Jeckyll, Thomas, born 1827 - died 1881 (designer)
    Barnard, Bishop and Barnard (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Wrought iron

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Messrs Barnards Ltd.

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 125, Edwin and Susan Davies Gallery, case 5

Object Type
This section of railing is from the railings that encircled the Japanese Pavilion at the Centennial Exhibition of 1876 in Philadelphia and the Paris Exhibition of 1878. The two-storey, wrought and cast-iron pavilion was designed by Thomas Jeckyll (1827-1881) and made by Barnard, Bishop and Barnard. The sunflower motif was later incorporated by Barnard into designs for fire surrounds and firedogs.

Thomas Jeckyll trained as an architect and was active, both as an architect and designer, in London and Norfolk. In the 1860s he came into contact with James Abbot McNeil Whistler (1834-1903) and E.W. Godwin (1833-1886). By the 1870s, Jeckyll was one of the leading architects of the Aesthetic Movement. He designed an interior for the Holland Park house of the collector, Alexander Ionides (1833-1900) (who bequeathed much of his collection of paintings to the V&A) and the dining room of a house in Princes Gate. (Due to its later painted decoration by Whistler, this room became known as the Peacock Room, and is currently on display in the Freer Art Gallery, Washington, D.C.) Jeckyll became mentally unstable in 1877 and died in an asylum in 1881.

Design & Designing
The Aesthetic or Art Movement was triggered by the display of Japanese decorative art at the London International Exhibition of 1862. Strongly influenced by Japanese design, the Aesthetic Movement was a reaction to the Gothic revival of the mid-19th century. In the new movement, the pursuit of 'art for art's sake' became a justifiable goal in itself. The Aesthetic Movement was established when the magazine Punch paid it the tribute of making a mockery of it.

Physical description

Section of wrought iron railing in the form of a sunflower with four, stylised leaves pointing downwards.

Place of Origin

Norwich (made)


1876 (made)


Jeckyll, Thomas, born 1827 - died 1881 (designer)
Barnard, Bishop and Barnard (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Wrought iron


Height: 77 cm, Width: 27 cm, Depth: 11 cm

Object history note

Designed by Thomas Jeckyll (born in Norwich, 1827, died there in 1881); made by the firm of Barnard, Bishop and Barnard, Norwich. Given by Barnard, Bishop and Barnard.

Descriptive line

Wrought iron, made by Barnard, Bishop and Barnard, Norwich, designed by Thomas Jeckyll, 1876.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Dahlbäck Lutteman, Helena (ed.), British Design : Konstindustri och Design 1851-1987, Stockholm : Nationalmuseum, 19871987

Labels and date

Part of the railing from an ornamental Japanese pavillion shown at the Philadelphia 1876 and Paris 1878 Exhibitions. Jeckyll also designed the fireplace surround for Barnard, Bishop and Barnard which is nearby (M.49-1972).
Gallery 119 []
British Galleries:
Sunflowers were popular Aesthetic motifs, used in all forms of decoration. Thomas Jeckyll, one of the leading designers of the Aesthetic style, created a number of influential decorative schemes. This iron sunflower was part of the railing from an ornamental Japanese pavilion he designed, which was shown in the International Exhibitions in Philadelphia (1876) and Paris (1878). [27/03/2003]
English (Norwich); 1876
Designed by Thomas Jekyll (1827-1881)
Made by Barnard, Bishop& Barnard
Wrought iron
Part of the railing from the cast-iron Japanese pavilion shown at the Philadelphia 1876 and Paris 1878 International Exhibitions, that was Jekyll's culminating achievement. He had been designing for Barnard, Bishop and Barnard, amongst others, since 1862. Sunflowers were a favourite motif of Aesthetic designers during the 1870s. []


Wrought iron

Subjects depicted

Flowers (plants)


Metalwork; British Galleries; Architectural fittings


Metalwork Collection

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