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Juno

  • Object:

    Bust

  • Place of origin:

    Stoke-on-Trent (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1850 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Theed, William, born 1804 - died 1891 (modeller)
    Copeland & Co. (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Parian ware

  • Credit Line:

    Transferred from the Museum of Practical Geology, Jermyn Street

  • Museum number:

    2781-1901

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 122, case 3

Object Type
This bust was copied from a much larger antique head known as the Juno Ludovisi, now in the Palazzo Altemps, Rome. It was an apt subject for Copeland's new statuary porcelain, which imitated marble.

Materials & Making
Copeland and Garrett claimed to be the first to develop statuary porcelain on a commercial scale in about 1845. This unglazed bone china was vitrified through the use of feldspar, which gave it its marble-like appearance. The Great Exhibition juries awarded Copeland's 'statuary porcelain' a coveted prize medal for 'general excellence'.

People
William Taylor Copeland became the owner of the Spode porcelain factory in 1833 and Thomas Garrett joined him as partner until 1847 when the company became W.T. Copeland & Sons. The firm produced unglazed porcelain until about 1930.

The artist, William Theed (1804-1891), trained in Rome and exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1842. He often produced works based on classical and biblical subjects.

Subjects Depicted
The antique head from which Copeland's Juno was modelled was originally part of a colossal statue, the body of which is now lost. Scholars of classical sculpture now think that she may represent a real person - probably a Roman noblewoman of the 1st century BC, such as Mark Antony's daughter Antonia, or Livia, the wife of Augustus.

Physical description

Bust of Juno of 'Parian ware,' copied from an antique Graeco-Roman bust known as 'Juno Ludovisi.' The goddess wears a frontal decorated with anthemion ornament. Circular pedestal.

Place of Origin

Stoke-on-Trent (made)

Date

ca. 1850 (made)

Artist/maker

Theed, William, born 1804 - died 1891 (modeller)
Copeland & Co. (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Parian ware

Marks and inscriptions

'COPELAND'
Impressed

Dimensions

Height: 59.8 cm, Width: 35.8 cm maximum, Depth: 31 cm maximum

Object history note

Manufactured by W.T.Copeland & Co., Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire; copied by William Theed (born in Trentham, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire 1804, died in London, 1891) from an antique Graeco-Roman bust of Juno known as the 'Juno Ludovisi'.

Obtained from the Great Exhibition of 1851. Transferred from the Museum of Practical Geology, Jermyn Street.

Descriptive line

Bust of Juno of 'Parian ware,' modelled by William Theed, made at Copeland & Co., Stoke-on-Trent, ca. 1850

Labels and date

British Galleries:
More than ten firms exhibited Parian ware at the Exhibition. Copeland & Co. were one of the firms who claimed to have invented it. Parian was intended to resemble statuary marble from Paros, Greece, and this island gave it its name. It was often used to make figures from classical mythology. Juno is the Roman name for Hera, the chief goddess of Olympus, and both the sister and wife of Jupiter (Zeus). [27/03/2003]

Materials

Parian (porcelain)

Categories

Ceramics; Figures & Decorative ceramics; Parian ware; Great Exhibition

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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