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Panel

  • Place of origin:

    England (carved)

  • Date:

    1590-1600 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved oak, with traces of paint and gesso

  • Museum number:

    115-1908

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 57, case WS

Object Type
Royal coats of arms decorated not only the palaces of monarchs but also the buildings, public or private, of their loyal subjects. They were mostly painted and were often placed next to those of the institution, perhaps a guild hall, school or university college, or indeed those of the owner of a private house. They were positioned where they could be seen, above a doorway, at the top of the panelling of a chamber or on the minstrels' gallery in a dining hall. Larger versions were placed over chimney-pieces. In this example the ornamental frame was probably added at a much later date, so that it could be hung on a wall as if it were a picture.

Materials & Makings
The traces of paint and gesso (a thin layer of plaster) indicate that the coat of arms was originally coloured and gilded, so as to stand out. This decoration was probably removed by the 1890s, when dealers and collectors associated objects made in the reigns of Elizabeth I (1558-1603) and James I (1603-1625) with a dark-stained finish.

Time
The coat of arms is decorated with strapwork decoration. This was based on strips of leather or ribbons and became known in England through engravings by Netherlandish artists such as Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-?1606), Jacob Floris (1524-1582) and Cornelius Bos (around 1510-1555). It was widely used until about 1630.

Physical description

Panel, of plane wood, carved with the Royal Arms of England surmounted by a crown and supported by two cupids.

16th century. (The oak frame is of later date.)
From catalogue H. 14 in., W. 15 ¼ in.
(H. 35.6 cm, W. 38.7 cm)

Place of Origin

England (carved)

Date

1590-1600 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Carved oak, with traces of paint and gesso

Dimensions

Height: 35.4 cm, Width: 38.7 cm, Depth: 6 cm

Object history note

Bought for £41 17s 11d from the collection of Mr. G. W. Braikenridge (Christie's, Feb. 27, 1908, lot 113).

Descriptive line

Royal arms carved in a panel, England, 1590-1600 with later frame

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

From: H. Clifford Smith, Catalogue of English Furniture & Woodwork
(London 1930), 659

Labels and date

British Galleries:
This panel shows the royal arms of England as they were between about 1410 and 1603. They are divided into four sections ('quarterings'). Two show the three lions of England and two show simplified lilies, for France. They represent a claim to the French throne that was not finally dropped until 1801. [27/03/2003]

Production Note

Frame made later

Subjects depicted

Fleur-de-lys; Putti; Coats of arms; Lions; Lineage; Fleurs-de-lis

Categories

Woodwork; Sculpture; Royalty

Collection

Furniture and Woodwork Collection

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