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Panel

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    14th century-16th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Stained glass

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Mr Henry Vaughan

  • Museum number:

    930-1900

  • Gallery location:

    Sacred Silver & Stained Glass, Room 84, The Whiteley Galleries, case S3

This window is known as a composite window, which means that it is not in its original form. Instead, it has been composed of various fragments of glass, the original setting of which is unknown.

In the 15th and 16th centuries it became commonplace to set panels of coloured glass against a background of plain glass quarries (often diamond-shaped panes, as used in lattice windows). Panels with armorial glass (coats of arms) were particularly popular. Such windows were found in both ecclesiastical and domestic settings.

The plain glass quarries were decorated with a wide variety of motifs painted in brown and yellow silver. Certain plants and flowers, such as hawthorn and honeysuckle, appear repeatedly. Devices, badges, emblems and mottoes specific to particular patrons were also introduced. Here we see a quarry painted with a white hart, which could be the badge of Richard II of England, who reigned from 1377 to 1399.

This panel has been made up with a mixture of quarries that clearly come from different windows. They are all contained within a border of red glass set with lion masks, which dates from the 14th century. Some of the quarries bear spirited animal portraits, such as the pair of lions near the bottom and the bird feeding its chick in the centre of the panel. We also see the ubiquitous flowers, rosettes and flowering buds.

Physical description

Panel, stained glass, composed mainly of armorial devices. The white hart, emblem of Richard II, a crowned Tudor rose with the initials E.R. of Edward VI, the crowned H. of Henry VII, the initials IHC in soleil, a lion and a spray of honeysuckle, a bird holding a mirror.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

14th century-16th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Stained glass

Dimensions

Height: 89.8 cm, Width: 39.5 cm

Historical context note

This window is known as a composite window. This means that it is not in its original form but rather it has been composed of various fragments of glass, the original setting of which is unknown.

Descriptive line

Composite panel of armorial devices, English, 14th-16th century.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Williamson, Paul. Medieval and Renaissance Stained Glass in the Victoria and Albert Museum. London, 2003. ISBN 1851774041

Labels and date

COMPOSITE PANEL OF QUARRIES

This panel has been made up with a mixture of quarries undoubtedly from different windows, all contained within a 14th-century border of ruby glass set with lion masks. Included amongst the designs are the sacred monogram within the sun, a crowned h (for Henry VII, 1485-1509) and a crowned Tudor rose with the initials ER (for Edward VI, 1547-53).

England, of various dates between about 1300 and 1550
Museum no. 930-1900; Bequest of Henry Vaughan [(PW) 2003]

Materials

Stained glass

Subjects depicted

Crosses; Birds; Fleurons (motifs); Lions; Tudor roses; Emblems (symbols); Flowers; Deer; Anthemions; Doves

Categories

Stained Glass; Royalty; British Galleries

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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