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Botanical print - American Turk's-cap Lily
  • American Turk's-cap Lily
    Ehret, Georg Dionysus, born 1708 - died 1770
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American Turk's-cap Lily

  • Object:

    Botanical print

  • Place of origin:

    Nuremberg (printed)

  • Date:

    1751 (printed)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Ehret, Georg Dionysus, born 1708 - died 1770 (artist)
    Haid, Johann Jakob, born 1704 - died 1767 (engraver)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Hand-coloured engraving

  • Credit Line:

    Given by H. Stuart Thompson

  • Museum number:

    E.916-1924

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case DP, shelf 113

Ehret was one of the greatest botanical illustrators working in the 18th century. He supplied illustrations for a number of important botanical publications. He was also closely involved in publicising and promoting the binomial system of plant classification that was devised by the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus.

Ehret painted the original from which this print is taken in the 1740s at the height of his mature style. He studied the plant in the garden of Peter Collinson. Collinson, an avid collector of new plants who lived just outside London. Ehret often studied plants in his collection. In the original Ehret notes that the ‘the lily first flowered in August 1738’. This engraving was published in Christoph Jacob Trew’s book Plantae selectae, which reflected a new trend in lavish, privately funded publications on exotic plants. It included about one hundred of Georg Ehret’s finest studies from Trew’s collection.

Physical description

Centrally placed stem with a large number of orange and yellow flowers mostly fully open, with some closed yellow buds towards the top.

Place of Origin

Nuremberg (printed)

Date

1751 (printed)

Artist/maker

Ehret, Georg Dionysus, born 1708 - died 1770 (artist)
Haid, Johann Jakob, born 1704 - died 1767 (engraver)

Materials and Techniques

Hand-coloured engraving

Marks and inscriptions

LILIVM foliis sparsis, / fundo aureo, limbo auran- / pedunculis singulis
Lower left

multiflorum, floribus reflexis / tio, punctis nigricantibus, / umco folio instructis.
Lower right

Tab XI.
Upper right

Dimensions

Height: 51 cm, Width: 35.5 cm, Height: 48.5 cm platemark, Width: 30.8 cm platemark

Descriptive line

Botanical illustration, American Turk's-cap Lily, Lilium superbum. Hand-coloured engraving after a drawing by Georg Dionysius Ehret, engraved by Johann Hakob Haid for Christoph Jakob Trew's Plantae Selectae (Nuremberg, 1750-1773); this a proof of plate XI, part 2, 1751.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Trew, Christoph Jacob. Plantae selectae quarum imagines ad exemplaria naturalia Londini (Nuremberg, 1750-1773), plate 9, issued in part 2 in 1751.
Victoria and Albert Museum, Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design & Department of Paintings, Accessions 1924, published under the Authority of the Board of Education, London, 1926.

Materials

Printing ink

Techniques

Engraving; Hand-colouring

Subjects depicted

Turk's cap lily; Flower

Categories

Printed pages & sheets; Science; Gardens & Gardening; Illustration

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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