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Stool

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (made)

  • Date:

    1600-1620 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Oak, joined, with turned and carved decoration

  • Museum number:

    W.34-1937

  • Gallery location:

    On display at Lamport Hall, Northants

Stools of this kind were called ‘joint’ or ‘joined’ stools, because they are made using mortise and tenon joints. This was a technique used by joiners to link the parts of furniture using a tenon, or pared-down end, which slotted into a mortise, or rectangular hole. It would then be locked in place with wooden pegs. Stools were the most common form of seating. More expensive stools, especially those made for bedchambers, were covered with upholstery which might match the bed hangings.

This example has a wooden seat and is well-made. The legs were shaped by turning on a pole-lathe, after which further decoration was carved. This kind of stool was in general use but would have been particularly useful with ‘draw’ tables, which became popular around 1600. These had extra leaves that could be 'drawn' or pulled out, to increase the size of the table.

On loan to Lamport Hall.

Physical description

Oak joint stool or small table, the sawn rails (double-pegged) with fluting and a convex moulding (probably added) along the lower edge. The legs of reeded baluster form, joined at the bottom by plain, single-pegged stretchers. The top consists of a single board, pegged at the corners down into the frame using large, early pegs. This stool is noticeably larger than many similar surviving stools.

Condition
One corner of the seat missing.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (made)

Date

1600-1620 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Oak, joined, with turned and carved decoration

Dimensions

Height: 60 cm, Width: 47 cm, Depth: 34.5 cm

Object history note

Bought for £30 from J.H. Gillingham, Harrington Road, SW7

See RP 56/3300 and 37/2847

Descriptive line

English 1580-1620

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

For the stool type and leg form compare:
P. Macquoid, History of English Furniture, vol.I 1904 fig.121, and
P.Macquoid and R. Edwards, Dictionary of English Furniture, vol.III 1927, p.162, fig.8

Materials

Oak

Techniques

Carving; Turning

Categories

Furniture

Collection

Furniture and Woodwork Collection

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