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Stool

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    1600-1720 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Oak, joined, with carved and turned decoration

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mr E. Peter Jones

  • Museum number:

    W.9-1922

  • Gallery location:

    On display at Lamport Hall, Northants

Stools of this kind were called ‘joint’ or ‘joined’ stools, because they are made using mortise and tenon joints. This was a technique used by joiners to link the parts of furniture using a tenon, or pared-down end, which slotted into a mortise, or rectangular hole. It would then be locked in place with wooden pegs. Stools were the most common form of seating. More expensive stools, especially those made for bedchambers, were covered with upholstery which might match the bed hangings.

This example has a wooden seat and is well-made. The legs were shaped by turning on a pole-lathe, after which further decoration was carved; the carving on this example is unusually elaborate. Stools would have been particularly useful with ‘draw’ tables, which became popular around 1600. These had extra leaves that could be 'drawn' or pulled out, to increase the size of the table top.

On loan to Lamport Hall.

Physical description

Oak joint stool, the seat with a simple moulded edge; the legs are turned with carved decoration. The single-piece top is held to the frame with four pegs, at the corners. The lower edges of the seat rails (which were sawn) have carved decoration; the rails double-pegged. The legs are joined at the base by four plain stretchers (single-pegged).

With a dark stain overall. The feet wormy.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

1600-1720 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Oak, joined, with carved and turned decoration

Marks and inscriptions

TM
Brand under the seat. An owner's mark

Dimensions

Height: 53 cm, Width: 46 cm, Depth: 28 cm

Object history note

Given by E. Peter Jones Esq. of Greenbank, Chester.
'worm-eaten: pieces of fret missing...Period of James I'
No further information about this stool on the acquisition papers.

Descriptive line

English c.1600

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

H. Clifford Smith, Catalogue of English Furniture & Woodwork
(London 1930), cat. 553, Plate 17.

Materials

Oak

Techniques

Carved; Turned

Categories

Furniture

Collection

Furniture and Woodwork Collection

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