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Carpet

Carpet

  • Place of origin:

    Kerman (city) (made)
    Iran (made)

  • Date:

    1909 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Ustad Ali-yi Kirmani (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Wool knotted pile, on cotton foundation; asymmetrical knot, open to the left; 1,122 knots per sq. in (17,820 per sq. dm)

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Sir Charles Marling, GCMG, CB

  • Museum number:

    T.128-1928

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

One of the ways in which a designer can instruct his weavers is to have his design transferred onto squared paper on which one square of the chart represents one knot (this is known as a cartoon). It requires little effort from the weavers to use a cartoon because they simply weave exactly what they see on the chart. Cartoons can be large and if the pattern does not repeat, they can be almost life-size. Since the late nineteenth century this has been the most common way to communicate a complex design to weavers but even using computer technology, skilled draughtsmen are needed to translate the designer's ideas into usable cartoons and, unless the carpet is a special and expensive commission, many carpets have to be woven from one design to cover the costs involved. This carpet is an example of one in which the field was woven from a full-size cartoon. It was inspired by a painting by Antoine Watteau called 'FĂȘtes VĂ©nitiennes' (1718-1719) which is in The National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh. It was woven in Kirman and is dated 1327AH (1909AD); an inscription states that it was commissioned by Abdul Husain Mirza, Governor of Kirman Province, from the workshop of Ustad Ali-yi Kirmani.

Physical description

Carpet, hand knotted woollen pile on cotton warp and weft, Persian, Kerman, dated 1327 AH (1909AD).

Place of Origin

Kerman (city) (made)
Iran (made)

Date

1909 (made)

Artist/maker

Ustad Ali-yi Kirmani (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Wool knotted pile, on cotton foundation; asymmetrical knot, open to the left; 1,122 knots per sq. in (17,820 per sq. dm)

Marks and inscriptions

Farmanfarman Abdul Husain Mirza's son visited the V&A on 8th October 2010 and explained that his father had tried to introduce European themes and decoration into the Kerman carpet workshops. Although several carpets in this style were woven as presentation pieces, he said that the general market was uninterested and so the initiative failed.

Dimensions

Length: 248 cm, Width: 178 cm

Descriptive line

Middle East, Textile, Carpet; Carpet, wool knotted pile on cotton foundation, pictorial design with Persian inscriptions, Kerman, Iran, dated 1327H, 1909

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Ittig, Annette "The Kirmani Boom -A study in Carpet Entrepreneurship", pp 111-123 In: Pinner, Robert & Denny, Walter, B. (eds) Oriental Carpet & Textile Studies I. London: Hali OCTS ltd, 1985. pp304, ill. ISBN 09486 74 01 9 sfbk, 0948674008 hdbk. p 111, fig 1

Production Note

Made in Kirman; dated 1327AH (1909AD), commissioned by Farmanfarman Abdul Husain Mirza, Governor of Kirman Province, from the workshop of Ustad Ali-yi Kirmani.

Materials

Wool; Cotton

Techniques

Technique; Knotted pile

Subjects depicted

Statues; Instruments; Urn; Stylized flowers; Building; People; Trees

Categories

Textiles; Floor coverings

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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