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Photograph - Farmyard, Elfords, Hawkhurst
  • Farmyard, Elfords, Hawkhurst
    Turner, Benjamin Brecknell, born 1815 - died 1894
  • Enlarge image

Farmyard, Elfords, Hawkhurst

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Hawkhurst (photographed)

  • Date:

    1852-1854 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Turner, Benjamin Brecknell, born 1815 - died 1894 (photographer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Albumen print from calotype negative

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level F, case X, shelf 354, box J

Benjamin Turner was one of the first, and remains one of the greatest, British amateur photographers. He began practising photography in 1849 according to the technique patented in 1841 by the British inventor W. H. Fox Talbot (1800-1877). Turner's photographs were 'contact' printed from paper negatives (known as calotypes) of the same size as the print. He printed them on albumen paper, which is paper that has been floated on an emulsion of egg white containing light-sensitive silver salts. Between 1852 and 1854 Turner compiled 60 of his own photographs, including this one, in what is believed to be a unique album, 'Photographic Views from Nature'. It might have been a sample book, a convenient method for presenting photographs for personal pleasure, and for showing to colleagues or potential exhibitors. It remained in the Turner family until it was bought by the Museum.

Turner's view, with the barn, enclosure and haystack (to provide feed for the animals), indicates the cycle of the rural calendar, which involves moving animals from outdoor grazing to indoor shelter for the duration of winter.

Physical description


Place of Origin

Hawkhurst (photographed)


1852-1854 (made)


Turner, Benjamin Brecknell, born 1815 - died 1894 (photographer)

Materials and Techniques

Albumen print from calotype negative


Height: 26.6 cm, Width: 36.1 cm

Descriptive line

19thC; Turner B B, Farmyard, Elfords, Hawkhurst

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Val Williams and Susan Bright, How we are: photographing Britain, from the 1840s to the present London: Tate Publishing, 2007. ISBN: 9781854377142.



Subjects depicted

Farmyard; Haystack; Ladders; Cart; Trees




Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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