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Saint Chad

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    England, Great Britain (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1901-1910 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Whall, born 1849 - died 1924 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Slab glass with painted and stained details

  • Museum number:

    C.87-1978

  • Gallery location:

    Sacred Silver & Stained Glass, room 83, case S5

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Christopher Whall began to design stained-glass panels in the 1880s. Until 1907, when he opened his own workshop, he relied on the skilled glass craftsmen employed by such firms as Lowndes & Drury to construct his windows.

Whall was one of the earliest stained glass artists to make use of 'slab' glass. This had been invented by E.S. Prior in 1889 and is also known as 'Early English' glass. Slab glass is blown into a square mould and then cut into slabs. The resultant slabs are irregular in thickness and in colour (when coloured glass is blown). When light passes through such glass it is broken up, which produces a variable effect in each individual piece of glass. Whall was a master in exploiting the qualities of this new technique in glass production.

St. Chad became Bishop of Lichfield in the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia in 669. His cult is particularly strong in this part of England. The cathedral authorities at Gloucester commissioned Christopher Whall to make windows for their Lady Chapel. This panel and another in the Victoria & Albert Museum (Museum number: C.88-1978) that depicts St. Agatha are smaller versions of two windows that Whall made for Gloucester Cathedral. These smaller versions may have been trial panels for these windows, or they may have been made later for the Arts & Crafts Exhibition of 1910.

Physical description

St. Chad is depicted as a Bishop in robes and wearing a mitre with a halo. He is facing frontally, holding a crozier in his left hand and a model church in his right. The figure is sourrounded by foliate and floral detail and is executed in shades of grey, pale blue, green and yellow stains. Some small areas of dark blue above the head and below the feet. The palm fronds are in dark green.

Place of Origin

England, Great Britain (made)

Date

ca. 1901-1910 (made)

Artist/maker

Whall, born 1849 - died 1924 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Slab glass with painted and stained details

Dimensions

Height: 79.2 cm sight, Width: 31.0 cm sight, Height: 80.4 cm framed, Width: 32.4 cm framed, Weight: 6.78 kg framed

Object history note

Possibly made for the Arts and Crafts Exhibition of 1910, this panel and C.88-1978 are small scale copies of the western-most window on the north side of the Lady Chapel at Gloucester Cathedral which Whall designed in 1900.

Historical significance: Christopher Whall was one of the early stained glass artists to make use of Prior's 'Early English slab glass', invented in 1889.

Descriptive line

Stained and painted slab glass panel depicting St Chad. Made by Christopher Whall. English, c.1901-1910.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Cormack, Peter. Christopher Whall 1849-1924: Arts and Crafts Stained Glass Worker, Walthamstow, 1979. Exhibition catalogue.

Exhibition History

Christopher Whall 1849-1924: Arts and Crafts Stained Glass Worker (William Morris Gallery 01/01/1979-31/12/1979)

Labels and date

SAINT CHAD

This is a reduced replica of a panel in a window on the north side of the Lady Chapel in Gloucester Cathedral, made by Christopher Whall and his workshop in 1900-1. They may have been made for the Arts and Crafts Exhibition of 1910.

England, about 1905-10; by Christopher Whitworth Whall (1849-1924)
Museum nos. C.87, C.88-1978; bequeathed by Mr C.J. Whall [(PW) 2003]

Production Note

Attribution note: Smaller version of panel made for Lady Chapel, Gloucester Cathedral

Materials

Glass; Stained glass; Slab glass

Techniques

Painting; Silver staining

Subjects depicted

Church; Crozier; Chad (Saint)

Categories

British Galleries; Religion; Christianity; Stained Glass

Production Type

Model

Collection code

CER

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Qr_O7490
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