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daguerreotype
  • daguerreotype
    Claudet, Antoine-François-Jean, born 1797 - died 1867
  • Enlarge image

daguerreotype

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    1843 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Claudet, Antoine-François-Jean, born 1797 - died 1867 (photographer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Daguerreotype

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Miss Ethel Spiller 1939

  • Museum number:

    57-1939

  • Gallery location:

    Photography Centre, Room 100, The Bern and Ronny Schwartz Gallery, case CA2

This is an excellent example of the Daguerreotype portrait, which startled and delighted the public in Europe and the United States in the 1840s and early 1850s. Claudet was one of the pioneers of the process: he found an 'accelerating agent' (bromine and chloride of iodine) which speeded up exposures considerably. The sitter, Andrewe Pritchard, was probably a business associate of Claudet's. Pritchard was also an inventor and the proprietor of an emporium selling scientific instruments in Ludgate Circus, London. He was famous for making jewel lenses. Claudet's portrait shows the scientific inventor as a romantic modern figure.

Physical description

Bust portrait of Andrew Pritchard facing right with his hand to his face.

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

1843 (made)

Artist/maker

Claudet, Antoine-François-Jean, born 1797 - died 1867 (photographer)

Materials and Techniques

Daguerreotype

Dimensions

Width: 86 mm Case closed, Height: 95 mm Case open, Width: 180 mm Case open

Descriptive line

Daguerreotype with gilt mount, in maker's case, Portrait of Andrew Pritchard by Antoine-Francoise-Jean Claudet, London, 18 July 1843.

Labels and date

Photography Centre, 2018-20:

Antoine Claudet (1797–1867)
Portraits: Andrew Pritchard; Mrs Andrew Pritchard; Michael Faraday; William Henry Fox Talbot; Young Man; Elderly Man; Young Man; Grandmother Houghton; Elderly Woman; George Houghton; Unknown Woman; John Flight; Young Woman, possibly from the Houghton Family
1840s–50s

Claudet was a student of Daguerre, and was among the first to open a photographic portrait studio in London. Though praised for their sharp and minute detail, daguerreotypes were criticised by many for making sitters appear ashen and deathly due to their grey tones. To combat this, some portraits were coloured by hand for a more life-like effect.

Daguerreotypes
Museum nos. 57, 1422-1939; RPS.373, 374, 377, 378, 387, 388, 389, 426, 492, 495 & 532-2017

The Royal Photographic Society Collection at the V&A, acquired with the generous assistance of the Heritage Lottery Fund and Art Fund []
Gallery 100, ‘History of photography’, 2011-2012, label text :

Antoine-François-Jean Claudet (1797-1867)
Andrew Pritchard
1843

Photographic advances in the 1840s contributed
to the decline in the popularity of painted portrait
miniatures. Claudet was among the first to open a
photographic portrait studio in London, using the
daguerreotype process. The sitter is the English
optician and inventor Andrew Pritchard (1804–82),
who made lenses for Claudet and exhibited his
inventions at the Great Exhibition of 1851.

Daguerreotype
Given by Miss Ethel Spiller
Museum no. 57-1939
[07 03 2014]

Categories

Photographs; Portraits

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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