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Headband

  • Place of origin:

    Birmingham (made)

  • Date:

    1848 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    A.W. Pugin, born 1812 - died 1852 (designer)
    John Hardman & Co. (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Enamelled gold, set with a ruby, brilliant-cut diamonds, turquoises and pearls

  • Museum number:

    M.10-1962

  • Gallery location:

    Jewellery, Rooms 91, The William and Judith Bollinger Gallery, case 22, shelf A, box 6

The English architect A.W.N. Pugin designed only a small amount of jewellery. This headband is part of a larger parure (set) of jewels in the Gothic style. It is inspired by medieval ecclesiastical decoration and bears the inscription 'CHRISTI CRUX EST MEA LUX' (Christ's cross is my [guiding] light). Pugin designed it for the lady he proposed to make his third wife. The marriage did not take place. In 1848, he met and married Jane Knill and gave her the parure. In 1851 the complete parure was shown at the Great Exhibition in London as part of the Medieval Court.

Physical description

Headband, enamelled gold set with a ruby, brilliant-cut diamonds, turquoises and pearls, and inscribed 'CHRISTI CRUX EST MEA LUX' (Christ's cross is my [guiding] light).

Place of Origin

Birmingham (made)

Date

1848 (made)

Artist/maker

A.W. Pugin, born 1812 - died 1852 (designer)
John Hardman & Co. (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Enamelled gold, set with a ruby, brilliant-cut diamonds, turquoises and pearls

Marks and inscriptions

'CHRISTI CRUX EST MEA LUX'
Christ's cross is my [guiding] light
inscribed

Dimensions

Height: 3.1 cm, Length: 15.5 cm, Depth: 0.5 cm

Object history note

Inscribed 'CHRISTI CRUX EST MEA LUX' (Christ's cross is my [guiding] light). Designed by A.W.N. Pugin (1812 - 1852) as part of a gothic parure for the lady whom he proposed to make his third wife. Jilted in 1848, he met and married Jane Knill in the same year, giving her the parure. Made by John Hardman & Company. The complete parure was shown at the great Exhibition of 1851. The Museum owns three items from it (including M.20-1962).

Descriptive line

Headband, enamelled gold set with a ruby, diamonds, turquoises and pearls, designed by A. W. N. Pugin and made by John Hardman & Co., England (Birmingham), 1848

Materials

Gold; Enamel; Ruby; Diamond; Turquoise; Pearl

Categories

Great Exhibition; Christianity; Jewellery; Europeana Fashion Project

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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