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Model - Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
  • Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
    Rysbrack, John Michael
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Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727)

  • Object:

    Model

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1730 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Rysbrack, John Michael (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Terracotta

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Dr W. L. Hildburgh FSA

  • Museum number:

    A.1-1938

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 54, case 2

Object Type
This terracotta figure is a study for the full-size marble by John Michael Rysbrack (1694-1770) for the monument to Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) erected in Westminster Abbey in 1730. Rysbrack's monument was based on a design by the painter, designer and architect William Kent (1685-1748).

Design & Designing
Rysbrack adapted and improved Kent's design, a fact which was recognised by his contemporary and friend George Vertue, who noted that the monument was 'a noble and Elegant work by Mr Michael Rysbrack. much to his Reputation. tho the design or drawing of it on paper was poor enough, yet for that only Mr Kent is honourd with his name on it (Pictor et Architect inventor). which if it had been deliverd to any other Sculptor besides Rysbrack, he might have been glad to have his name omitted'.

People
Rysbrack was one of the leading sculptors active in Britain in the first half of the 18th century. Born in Antwerp, the son of a painter, he arrived in London in 1720 with his brother, also an artist. Rysbrack specialised in portrait busts and funerary monuments, and executed many in Westminster Abbey, often in conjunction with the architect James Gibbs, or as here, William Kent. Rysbrack's deft and sensitive handling of terracotta may well reflect his Flemish training and background.

Materials & Making
Terracotta (fired clay) was often used for sculptors' models, although it could also be employed for finished works. This is likely to have been a preliminary model, and may even have formed part of the sculptor's contract.

Physical description

Sculpture, terracotta model for monument of Sir Isaac Newton by John Michael Rysbrack. Newton is shown reclining on an oblong plinth resting his right arm on a pile of books. He wears an ample drapery over classical dress.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (made)

Date

ca. 1730 (made)

Artist/maker

Rysbrack, John Michael (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Terracotta

Dimensions

Height: 36 cm, Width: 53 cm, Depth: 23 cm

Object history note

Modelled in London by John Michael Rysbrack (born in Antwerp, Belgium, 1694, died in London, 1770). Illustrated in a photograph of the Museum at Badger Hall, Shropshire, 1888 (National Monuments Record BB74/2928).
Previoulsy on loan to the Museum by Dr. Hildburgh F.S.A. from 7 October 1945, and subsequently given by him to the Museum as a New Year gift in 1938.

Historical context note

Rysbrack's retirement sale of 24/25 January 1766, Langford's Covent Garden. First day sale, lot 42: 'Two ditto (figures) a sketch of Sir Isaac Newton, and a Bishop' in a section headed 'MODELS', which seems to mean 3 dimensional models, though not specified as terracotta.

Descriptive line

Sculpture model, terracotta, for a memorial to Sir Isaac Newton for Westminster Abbey, by John Michael Rysbrack, Britain, ca. 1730

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Baker, Malcolm, and Brenda Richardson (eds.), A Grand Design: The Art of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London: V&A Publications, 1999.
Penny, Nicholas. Catalogue of European Sculpture. III, Oxford, 1992, p.153.
Whinney, Penny. English Sculpture 1720-1830. London: HMSO, 1971. p.38.
Baker, M. 'Roubiliac's models and eighteenth century English Sculptors working practices' in Volk, P ed. Entwurf und Ausführung in der Europäischen Barockplastik. Munich, 1986, p.64, fig. 18.
Knox, T. 'Edward Cheney of Badger Hall: A forgotten collector of Italian Sculpture', Sculpture Journal, 16, 1, 2007, fig. 5 on p.9 and p.16
Bilbey, Diane with Trusted, Marjorie. British Sculpture 1470 to 2000. A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum. London: V& A Publications, 2002. pp. 136-7. cat. no. 184

Labels and date

British Galleries:
This is a model for the figure on the marble monument to the great scientific thinker, Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), in Westminster Abbey. He is shown in classical dress, as if he were a citizen of ancient Rome. The design for the whole monument is shown in the drawer below. [27/03/2003]

Materials

Terracotta

Subjects depicted

Books; Men

Categories

Images Online; Sculpture; Portraits; British Galleries

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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