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Portrait miniature - Misses Annabella and Mary Craufurd (mistakenly Crawford), afterwards Countess Lockhart and Mrs Palmer
  • Misses Annabella and Mary Craufurd (mistakenly Crawford), afterwards Countess Lockhart and Mrs Palmer
    Shelley, Samuel
  • Enlarge image

Misses Annabella and Mary Craufurd (mistakenly Crawford), afterwards Countess Lockhart and Mrs Palmer

  • Object:

    Portrait miniature

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain (probably, painted)

  • Date:

    1782 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Shelley, Samuel (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Watercolour on ivory

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mrs F. Moeller

  • Museum number:

    P.7-1925

  • Gallery location:

    Portrait Miniatures, Room 90a, The International Music and Art Foundation Gallery, case 13

Shelley was highly influenced by Sir Joshua Reynolds, who encouraged young artists to aspire to history painting, i.e., paintings of grand classical and religious subjects. Shelley also aspired to be more than a mere portrait painter, and hoped to demonstrate his learning, his invention and his originality through painting subject pictures. He was probably also encouraged by ventures such as the Shakespeare Gallery and Macklin's Poets Gallery, both of which commissioned oil paintings based on subjects from Shakespeare’s plays and English poetry. But the public was only interested in portrait miniatures, usually of loved ones, and Shelley failed to find a market for his subject miniatures. He was, however, a highly successful portraitist. He was employed at the court of George III and Queen Charlotte, and was ranked among the most well-known and fashionable miniaturists of his time. Many of his portraits were conventional heads painted in an oval. But some, such as this portrait of the Craufurd sisters, show the continued influence of Reynolds, by imitating both the complexity of composition and the rich colours of oil portraits.

Physical description

Double portrait miniature of two young ladies wearing powdered wigs. The lady on the viewer's left holds a four-leaved piece of music with both hands, bearing an inscription alongside the date and artist's name.

Place of Origin

Great Britain (probably, painted)

Date

1782 (painted)

Artist/maker

Shelley, Samuel (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Watercolour on ivory

Marks and inscriptions

Thou hast run/awa frae me/Mary/1782/S.Shelley/pt [pinxit]
Inscribed on the sheet of music depicted

Dimensions

Height: 81 mm, Width: 65 mm

Descriptive line

Portrait miniature of Misses Annabella and Mary Craufurd (mistakenly Crawford), afterwards Countess Lockhart and Mrs Palmer, by Samuel Shelley. Great Britain, 1782.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Victoria and Albert Museum, Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design and Department of Paintings, Accessions 1925, London: Board of Education, 1926.

Materials

Ivory; Watercolour

Techniques

Painting

Subjects depicted

Portrait

Categories

Images Online; Paintings; Portraits

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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