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Durga and Mahishasura

  • Object:

    Painting

  • Place of origin:

    Kolkata (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1855 - ca. 1860 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

  • Museum number:

    IM.2:79-1917

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

Painting, opaque watercolour and tin alloy on paper, depicting the goddess Durga killing Mahishasura, a demon in buffalo form.

Place of Origin

Kolkata (made)

Date

ca. 1855 - ca. 1860 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

Dimensions

Height: 433 mm maximum, Width: 275 mm maximum, Height: 457 mm card onto which object mounted, Width: 300 mm card onto which object mounted

Object history note

Part of an album, containing 196 prints, paintings and pen and pencil drawings, together with 37 loose pages of paintings, calligraphic drawings, and outline pen drawings. The collection was formed by late J. Lockwood Kipling when he was Director of the Lahore School of Art. The album was presented to the Museum by his son Rudyard Kipling.

Historical significance: Calcutta was recognised as the Capital of British India from 1833-1912. By the 1830s, artists had arrived from rural villages in Bengal and began to produce paintings that reflected local history, mythology, customs and conflicts of a colonised society. As a popular art form, these artists are recognised for their use of brilliant colour, simplified images and swift brushstrokes that became the hallmark of Kalighat painting in the 19th and early 20th century.

Descriptive line

Painting, Durga killing Mahishasura, opaque watercolour and tin alloy on paper, Kalighat, Kolkata, ca. 1855-60

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Pl. no. 10, cat. no. 5, ix: p. 51.
Kalighat paintings : a catalogue and introduction / by W.G. Archer. London: H. M. Stationery Office, 1971 Number: 0112900291 :
Fig.5.1
p. 49
Sinha, Suhashini, and Panda, C, eds. Kalighat Paintings from the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London and Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 2012. ISBN 1851776656.
Fig.5.1
p. 49
Sinha, Suhashini, and Panda, C, eds. Kalighat Paintings from the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London and Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 2012. ISBN 1851776656.

Materials

Paper; Water-colour; Paint

Techniques

Painted

Subjects depicted

Hinduism

Categories

Paintings; Hinduism; Religion; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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