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Print - Proun III

Proun III

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Germany (published)

  • Date:

    1923 (published)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Lissitzky, El, born 1890 - died 1941 (artist)
    Kestner-Gessellschaft (publisher)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Lithograph on paper

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case MP, shelf 188

El Lissitzky (1890-1941) had been trained as an engineer and architect and began painting his Prouns in 1919. The word is an acronym of a Russian phrase meaning 'Project for the Affirmation of the New', and the artist explained the concept in a lecture at Inkhuk (The Institute of Artistic Culture) in Moscow as 'a changing-station between painting and architecture'. After a successful exhibition of Prouns in Hanover in 1922, organised by the Kestner-Gessellschaft, a society founded in 1916 to promote new art, Lissitzky was commissioned to produce a portfolio of six lithographs that the society published in 1923; this print is from that portfolio.

Physical description

Geometric forms in shades of black, white and grey.

Place of Origin

Germany (published)


1923 (published)


Lissitzky, El, born 1890 - died 1941 (artist)
Kestner-Gessellschaft (publisher)

Materials and Techniques

Lithograph on paper

Marks and inscriptions

El Lissitzky
Signature; hand written; pencil


Height: 59.4 cm, Width: 43.2 cm

Descriptive line

Lazar (El) Lissitzky, 'Proun III', 1923

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Timmers, Margaret (Ed). Impressions of the Twentieth Century: Fine Art Prints from the V&A's Collection. London, V&A Publications, 2001.

Labels and date

Lissitzky invented the term 'Proun' to describe his contribution to the 'new art', practised in Russia, under Malevich's influence. He did not explain its meaning but it is often described as an acronym of 'Pro-Unovis', which can be translated as 'design for confirmation of the new'. [circa 2000-2019]


Paper; Ink





Production Type

Limited edition


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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