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Storage unit - ESU 421-C

ESU 421-C

  • Object:

    Storage unit

  • Place of origin:

    USA (made)

  • Date:

    1949-1950 (designed)
    1950-52 (manufactured)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Eames, Charles, born 1907 - died 1978 (designer)
    Eames, Ray, born 1916 - died 1988 (designer)
    Herman Miller (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Zinc-plated steel, birch-faced plywood, plastic-coated plywood, and lacquered fibreboard (masonite)

  • Museum number:

    W.5:1 to 8-1991

  • Gallery location:

    Furniture, room 133, case BY10, shelf EXP

  • Image in copyright

This example of the Eames Storage Unit was one of the larger cabinets from the collection. The range was intended for either commercial or domestic use, and was based on a system of interchangeable parts. Customers could choose the size of the piece, and the arrangement of panels (flat or 'dimpled'), drawers, materials, colours and finishes. There were two main sources for the design. The first were the modular storage systems that had been developed for domestic use in Germany in the 1920s. The second was American metal office furniture of the early 20th century. The Storage Unit was also intimately related to the Eames's own house, which was designed at the same time. Like the unit, the house had a steel framework with different coloured panels set into it.

Physical description

Storage unit with four tiers with sliding doors of moulded plywood on top and bottom; 3 drawers; perforated metal and masonite panels of grey and beige.

Place of Origin

USA (made)

Date

1949-1950 (designed)
1950-52 (manufactured)

Artist/maker

Eames, Charles, born 1907 - died 1978 (designer)
Eames, Ray, born 1916 - died 1988 (designer)
Herman Miller (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Zinc-plated steel, birch-faced plywood, plastic-coated plywood, and lacquered fibreboard (masonite)

Marks and inscriptions

herman miller furniture company/designed by Charles Eames

Dimensions

Height: 148.7 cm, Width: 119.3 cm, Depth: 42.8 cm

Object history note

The ESU (Eames Storage Units) was marketed as a modestly priced, industrially-based, knock-down design for the modern interieur. Its elements were part of a interchangable system that allowed users to virtually design their own storage system. The basic steel frame units were made in different sizes. It allowed two widths, three heights and one depth. The frames could be fitted with a large variety of drawer units or open or closed shelving. The latter came with wood or plastic sliding doors. The sides and back could be enclosed by wire struts, metal grilles, plywoods and solid or laminated plastic.
This example came from the office of a mid-Western, American architect. It is unusual in its subtile grey and tan colours; the red, blue and white versions were more common. This unit is from the very first production with the original steel legs, a detail dropped when the firm decided to ship the units erected rather than knocked-down.

Historical context note

The Storage Unit is often associated with the Eamses' own house designed at the same time. The house and the storage unit have similar technical features and aesthetic qualities: the undisguised structural components were used for a decorative effect. Both the storage unit and the house were made of parts derived from industry and their appearance was based on a steel frame, reinforced by wire struts.

Descriptive line

ESU 421-C Storage Unit designed by Charles & Ray Eames for Herman Miller Furniture Co., 1949-50

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Wilk, Christopher, ed. . Western Furniture 1350 to the Present Day. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1996. 230p., ill. ISBN 085667463X.
100 Masterpieces from the Vitra Design Museum Collection. Edited by Alexander von Vegesack et al., 1996, p.30f
Cold War Modern. Design 1945-1970. Edited by David Crowley and Jane Pavitt, 2008, p.85

Exhibition History

Cold War Modern. Design 1945-1970 (The National Art Gallery, Vilnius 01/01/2009-31/07/2012)
Cold War Modern. Design 1945-1970 (Museo di arte moderna e contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto 28/03/2009-26/07/2009)
Cold War Modern. Design 1945-1970 (Victoria and Albert Museum 25/09/2008-11/01/2009)

Labels and date

STORAGE UNIT
Designed by Charles Eames (North American, 1907-1978) and Ray Eames (née Kaiser, North American, 1930-1988)
Made by Hermann Miller Furniture Co., Zeeland, Michigan, U.S.A., about 1949
Steel frame, moulded plywood, perforated metal and masonite panels
W.5-1991

Designed by the husband and wife team responsible for many of the most influential chair designs of the 1940s and '50s, the Storage Unit was presented as a modestly priced, knock-down design for the home or office. Its elements were part of an interchangeable system of parts that allowed purchasers to design their own storage systems. The undisguised, industrially derived,, structural elements provide defined spaces which can be fitted with large panels of various material in a variety of colours. [1992]
Flexible storage unit
Charles Eames (1907-78) and Ray Eames (1912-88)
Designed 1949-50

Designed as an interchangeable kit of parts, and using industrially derived elements from materials such as steel and plywood, the units were meant to be an affordable and flexible system for use at home or in the workplace. The same principles of prefabrication and adaptability were applied to the Eames' house in California, completed in 1949.

USA
Manufactured by Herman Miller Furniture Co., Michigan
Zinc-plated steel, birch-faced plywood, plastic-coated plywood and lacquered fibreboard (masonite)
V&A: W.5:3 to 5-1991 [2008/9]
Storage unit, model ESU 421-C
1949–50
Designed by Charles Eames (1907–78) and Ray Eames (1930–88)

USA
Manufactured 1950–2 by Herman Miller Furniture Co., Zeeland, Michigan
Birch-faced plywood, plastic-coated plywood and lacquered fibreboard (masonite)
Frame and mounts: chrome-plated steel and zinc-plated steel rod

Museum no. W.5-1991

The Eames Storage Unit collection was based on a system of industrial, interchangeable parts. Customers could choose the size, colour, materials and finish of their units. This early example has a natural finish, but others are in the mainly red, blue and white colour scheme of the Eames’s own house.

Initially the units were assembled on site. Later they came pre-assembled, in a large box that could be turned into a children’s playhouse. [01/12/2012]

Production Note

Reason For Production: Retail

Materials

Steel; Plywood; Masonite (TM)

Techniques

Lacquering; Plating; Coating

Categories

Furniture

Production Type

Mass produced

Collection code

FWK

Qr_O70986
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