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Tile - Tring tiles

Tring tiles

  • Object:

    Tile

  • Place of origin:

    England (probably, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1330 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Red earthenware covered with a white slip, incised and carved, and a clear lead glaze

  • Credit Line:

    Bought

  • Museum number:

    C.470-1927

  • Gallery location:

    Ceramics, Room 145, case 47

Medieval tiles were normally made by impressing designs into raw red clay blanks. The designs were carved on to wooden blocks. The hollows in the clay were then filled with contrasting white pipe-clay. But the series of tiles found at Tring in Hertfordshire were made in a different way. Here a talented and humorous potter drew the tiles through a coating of white slip. He then scraped the background away to produce a kind of ceramic strip cartoon.

Physical description

Lead-glazed earthenware tile covered with a white slip, carved and incised with scenes from the apochryphal and gospel accounts of the childhood of Christ.

Tile of red earthenware with decoration representing incidents from the apocryphal accounts of the infancy of Christ. Executed by scratching through and cutting away a white slip under a yellow clear glaze.

Place of Origin

England (probably, made)

Date

ca. 1330 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Red earthenware covered with a white slip, incised and carved, and a clear lead glaze

Dimensions

Length: 14 1/8 in taken from Register, Width: 7 7/8 in taken from Register, Length: 35.9 cm

Object history note

(Registered File: MA/1/F1079 Foulkes, W.S. Mrs.)
(21 June 1927) Joan Evans to Rackham: Her [Mrs Foulkes'] husband purchased them when they were reflooring a Church in the Tring district and she has had them for many years.
(5 July 1927) Mrs. Foulkes to Rackham: The church they were taken from was built in the life of St. Hugh of Lincoln and the Church is in the style of York Minster which he also built; I believe - when the Chancel was restored probably abou the early sixties I think they were found under the flooring - I have had them since 1881.2- -

The British Museum analysed their tiles in 2007/8 by thermoluminescence dating and the results said that they were made between 500 and 800 years ago.

Historical context note

From the same set as eight tiles in the British Museum with subjects from the same source.
The technique used to make these tiles is not widespread. There is only one other recorded instance of a similar tile and that is in

Descriptive line

Lead-glazed earthenware tile fragment covered with a white slip, incised and carved with apocryphal and gospel scenes from the childhood of Christ. Said to have come from Tring Church, Hertfordshire. English, made about 1330.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Hildyard, Robin. European Ceramics. London : V&A Publications, 1999. 144 p., ill. ISBN 185177260X
M.R. James & R.L. Hobson, 'Rare medieval tiles and their story', Burlington Magazine, XLII (Jan. 1923)
W.B. Honey, English Pottery and Porcelain, London: Black, 1947
Alun Graves, Tiles and Tilework, V&A Publications, 2002
Mary F. Casey, 'The Fourteenth-Century Tring Tiles: A Fresh Look at their Origin and the Hebraic Aspects of the Child Jesus' Actions', Peregrinations: International Society for the Study of Pilgrimage Art, 2007

Labels and date

Wall tile with apocryphal scene from the childhood of Jesus Christ, probably English (found in Tring Church), about 1330 [2010 (TAB)]

Materials

Red earthenware; Lead glaze; Slip

Techniques

Glazing; Incising

Subjects depicted

Childhood of Jesus Christ

Categories

Ceramics; Slipware; Earthenware; Tiles

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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