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  • Place of origin:

    Punjab Plain (made)

  • Date:

    19th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Two men walk across a landscape, dressed in white loincloths, white turban bands and black and white shawls. They carry forked sticks. The painting is typical of works done in the Punjab, the region now divided between India and Pakistan, in the 1840s. The men are cultivators, and probably Jats, who widely converted to Sikhism. Their cut hair suggests that these men were Hindus, as conventional portraiture of the time makes a clear distinction between Sikh men with their uncut hair gathered into a topknot underneath their turban, and Hindus or Muslims, whose cut hair is usually shown underneath any head covering.

Physical description

Painting, in opaque watercolour on paper, two cultivators dressed in white loincloths, white turban bands and black and white shawls, walk across a field, each carrying a forked stick.

Place of Origin

Punjab Plain (made)


19th century (made)



Materials and Techniques

Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

Marks and inscriptions

Inscribed on reverse in Persian characters, and in English in pencil: "For .... book".


Height: 180 mm maximum, Width: 138 mm maximum, Height: 153 mm image within innermost painted borders, Width: 110 mm image within innermost painted borders maximum

Object history note

IS.477 to 489-1950 were purchased for £5 in 1950.

Descriptive line

Painting, two cultivators, opaque watercolour on paper, Punjab Plain, 19th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

cat. 30 (ii), p. 157, and illus. fig. 77.
Paintings of the Sikhs / W.G. Archer. London: H. M. Stationery Office, 1966

Production Note



Opaque watercolour; Paint; Paper



Subjects depicted

Farmers; Sikhism; Field; Figures


Paintings; Sikhism; Agriculture; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project


South & South East Asia Collection

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