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  • Place of origin:

    Surrey (on the border of, made)
    Hampshire (on the border of, made)

  • Date:

    1575-1600 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Earthenware, dipped in a green lead glaze containing copper oxide

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Prof. A. H. Church

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 56, The Djanogly Gallery, case 13

Object Type
Almost an archetypal ale mug - strong, with reinforced rim and foot and a broad strap handle - this piece shows influence both from imported German brown stonewares and from contemporary squat baluster-shaped pewter jugs.

Materials & Making
Throughout the 16th century the inhabitants of London were largely dependent on imported pottery for dining table, kitchen and tavern. These imports had either the advantage of superior material, like salt-glazed stonewares from Germany, or lively-coloured decoration, like maiolica from Italy, Spain or the Netherlands, and coloured lead-glazed earthenwares from France. Successful copies, such as this mug, were made using local materials. The fine almost white clays on the Surrey/Hampshire borders proved ideal for copying the sharp profiles of German stonewares, enhanced and made waterproof by a thick green glaze.

Physical description

Lead-glazed earthenware jug.

Place of Origin

Surrey (on the border of, made)
Hampshire (on the border of, made)


1575-1600 (made)



Materials and Techniques

Earthenware, dipped in a green lead glaze containing copper oxide


Height: 11 cm approx., Width: 9 cm approx.

Object history note

Made on the Surrey/Hampshire borders, England

Descriptive line

Lead-glazed earthenware jug, Surrey-Hampshire border ('Border Ware'), early 16th Century .

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Hildyard, Robin. European Ceramics. London : V&A Publications, 1999. 144 p., ill. ISBN 185177260X

Labels and date

British Galleries:
English potters imitated imported German beer mugs using local materials, notably the fine clay around Farnham on the Surrey / Hampshire borders. Such wares are now known as 'borderware'. The potteries continued to make lead-glazed beer mugs until the end of the 17th century, but by then the favoured glaze was lustrous brown, containing iron and manganese. [27/03/2003]


Earthenware; Lead glaze


Glazing (coating)


Ceramics; British Galleries


Ceramics Collection

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