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Panel - The Betrayal

The Betrayal

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    15th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved, painted and gilt alabaster

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Dr W. L. Hildburgh FSA

  • Museum number:

    A.57-1946

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The haloed and bearded Christ, wearing a gown and a cloak, stands in the centre of the panel and is shown embracing Judas. Next to Christ there is a soldier, wearing armour, whom Christ touches with his left hand. The soldier grasps Christ's cloak, drawing his sword with his right hand. The top of the panel is missing.

Judas identified Jesus to the soldiers by kissing him.

Physical description

The haloed and bearded Christ, wearing a gown and a cloak, stands in the centre of the panel looking right; next to him is the bearded Judas who embraces him, his left hand on Christ's shoulder. Christ's right hand is simply raised and is neither in the usual position of blessing nor pointing downwards towards Malchus. Next to Christ is a soldier, wearing armour, whom Christ touches with his left hand. The soldier grasps Christ's cloak, drawing his sword with his right hand. Behind him is the damaged figure of another soldier. St. Peter, haloed and bearded, stands behind Christ on the left of the panel, holding his sheathed sword vertically in both hands. At his feet on a lower level is seated the figure of Malchus, wearing a short-belted tunic and boots, his right leg bent back, holding a staff in his left hand and holding his ear with his right hand. The ground at the bottom of the panel is unusually and intricately worked.

The top of the panel is missing. The bottom of Malchus' head is damaged. The head of the soldier in the top right corner is missing. The alabaster shows iron staining in the bottom left corner.

Traces of gilding remain on the hair and beards of Christ and St. Peter. Green paint remains on the ground, with traces of the usual daisy pattern. There are slight traces of red on the mouths of the figures. The back of the panel is deeply incised with a large vertical mark. The bottom has been cut away and also there has been scooped out a vertical trough three-quarters of the way up the panel. There are four lead plugs holding latten wires.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

15th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Carved, painted and gilt alabaster

Dimensions

Height: 45.2 cm, Width: 30.1 cm

Object history note

Acquired by Dr W. L. Hildburgh in Paris. On loan from him since 1924. Given by Dr Hildburgh in 1946.

Historical significance: A panel in the British Museum is similar, but the design is reversed.

Descriptive line

Alabaster panel depicting the Betrayal. English, 15th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Cheetham, Francis. English Medieval Alabasters. Oxford: Phaidon-Christie's Limited, 1984. p. 226 (cat. 153), ill. ISBN 0-7148-8014-0

Materials

Alabaster; Paint; Gilt

Techniques

Carving; Painting; Gilding

Subjects depicted

Boots; Halo; Tunic; Sword; Cloak; Armour

Categories

Christianity; Religion; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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