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Panel - The Flagellation

The Flagellation

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    15th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved, painted and gilt alabaster

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Dr W. L. Hildburgh FSA

  • Museum number:

    A.41-1946

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The haloed and bearded Christ, naked except for a loincloth is represented bound to a column in the centre of the relief. To the right, there is a bearded torturer, wearing a hat with a rolled brim, a low-belted doublet and a sheathed sword hanging from a belt. A similar figure is shown on the left prodding Christ with the end of the handle of a courge with the prongs hanging down, which he holds in both hands.

Physical description

The haloed and bearded Christ, naked but for a loincloth, is represented standing in the centre of the panel facing right. He leans his left shoulder against a column--here shown more like a post or stake--which his arms encircle. His hands are bound at the wrists with a rope, but the right hand is raised in blessing. His left leg is bent at the knee and raised, with the bare foot resting on a ledge in the ground. A bearded torturer, wearing a hat with a rolled brim, a low-belted doublet and a sheathed sword hanging from a belt, stands on the right of the panel, looking up at Christ, holding the rope in his left hand and a scourge in his raised right hand. A similar figure is shown on the left of the panel prodding Christ with the end of the handle of a scourge with the thongs hanging down, which he holds in both hands. The lower parts of two more torturers remain to the right and left of the top of the panel.

The whole of the top of the panel is missing. The end of the rope holding Christ's hands is broken away. Much green paint, which has a 'scrubbed' appearance, and the usual daisy pattern remain on the ground. Gilding remains on Christ's beard and hair. The faces of the torturers are darkened in the customary way. The column is painted green and brown and is divided into sections and decorated with a tear-shaped motif in white. The upper background has traces of a reddish-pink colour.

The back of the panel is marked in an apparently random fashion, including marks which may be some Roman numerals. There are three lead plugs with some latten wires. The bottom has been cut away.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

15th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Carved, painted and gilt alabaster

Marks and inscriptions

Random marks, including marks that may be Roman numerals.
On the back of the panel.

Dimensions

Height: 36.6 cm, Width: 27.5 cm

Object history note

Acquired by Dr W. L. Hildburgh in Paris. On loan from him since 1923. Given by Dr Hildburgh in 1946.

Historical significance: Christ's right hand raised in blessing is a rather unusual detail, but is to be found in a number of other Flagellations, for example on a panel in the Metropolitan Museum, New York, and on another in the British Museum.

Descriptive line

Alabaster panel depicting the Flagellation. English, 15th century.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Cheetham, Francis. English Medieval Alabasters. Oxford: Phaidon-Christie's Limited, 1984. p. 237 (cat. 164), ill. ISBN 0-7148-8014-0

Materials

Alabaster; Paint; Gilt

Techniques

Carving; Painting; Gilding

Subjects depicted

Whip; Column; Halo; Sword; Loincloth; Hat; Rope; Doublet

Categories

Christianity; Religion; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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