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Design for a silver salt cellar
  • Design for a silver salt cellar
    Baily, Edward Hodges, born 1788 - died 1867
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Design for a silver salt cellar

  • Place of origin:


  • Date:


  • Artist/Maker:

    Baily, Edward Hodges, born 1788 - died 1867 (Maker)
    Theed, William (The Elder), born 1764 - died 1817 (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Pencil, pen and ink and brown wash on wove paper.
    The sheet is watermarked 1806.

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level D, case 94, shelf G, box 43

Physical description

A drawing of a silver salt cellar by Edward Hodges Baily, circa 1820
The bowl in the shape of a shell borne up by three tritons. The base with Vitruvian scrolls on ball feet.
Profile, Full size, 135 x 155 mm.

Place of Origin





Baily, Edward Hodges, born 1788 - died 1867 (Maker)
Theed, William (The Elder), born 1764 - died 1817 (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Pencil, pen and ink and brown wash on wove paper.
The sheet is watermarked 1806.

Marks and inscriptions

Marked in pencil with a cross by the base.


Height: 510 mm, Width: 314 mm

Object history note

A set of 36 silver gilt salts to this design are in the Grand Service in the Royal Collection, marked by Paul Storr hallmarked 1813-14 (RCIN 51262).
The similarities between this design and E.114-1964 suggest that the original design is by William Theed the Elder.
The sculptor William Theed the Elder (1764- 1817) worked as a modeller and designer for Rundell, Bridge and Rundell from least 1809 untill his death.

This design is on folio 22 verso included in an album containing 55 designs drawn directly on 27 sheets (sometimes several to a page), for gold and silver plate, including wine-coolers, tureens, inkstands, a teapot, a kettle, candelabra etc., related to the production of the Royal goldsmiths Rundell, Bridge and Rundell between c.1809 and c.1820. (E.70- 124-1964)
The album pages are of white wove paper watermarked 1806, full-bound in blue leather, gold tooled, lettered on the spine ‘Designs for Plate etc. by John Flaxman’. With the bookplate of John Roland Abbey (1894 –1969). Bound by William Wood. The back fly- leaf is inscribed “JA, 1070/ 13:9:1935”.
All the drawings are by one hand, most probably that of the sculptor Edward Hodges Baily. He became a pupil of John Flaxman in 1807, at a time when Flaxman was designing silver for Rundell, Bridge and Rundell. He joined Rundell Bridge and Rundell in 1815 as “a modeller and designer” and in 1826 became its chief modeller and designer. In 1833 he began working for the firm of Storr and Mortimer.
Some of the drawings are most probably copies by Baily of his own designs, while others are copied or adapted from designs by John Flaxman and Thomas Stothard, as well as other, anonymous, designers. The clean condition of the album, and the range of dates of the pieces shown, in addition to their unchronological arrangement, suggest that the album was made as a fair-copy record of pre-existing design drawings, all made about 1820, although some of the drawings seem also have been used as part of a design process. The drawings copied from John Flaxman and Thomas Stothard imitate the graphic styles of the originals.
The album was bought from Marlborough Rare Books on 24th March 1964 for 550 pounds.

Descriptive line

Design for a silver salt cellar by Edward Hodges Baily (1788- 1867) c.1820

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Victoria & Albert Museum Department of Prints and Drawings and Department of Paintings, Accessions 1964. London: HMSO, 1965.

C. Oman, "A Problem of Artistic Responsibility: The Firm of Rundell, Bridge and Rundell, Apollo Magazine, March 1966, p.174- 183.

Bury, S. (1966) "The lengthening shadow of Rundell's", Connoisseur Magazine CLXI, no.648, p.79; no.649, p.152; no.650, p.218.

Labels and date



Pen and ink; Wash; Pencil


Drawing (image-making)

Subjects depicted

Utensils; Tritons; Dining; Shell; Salt; Silver-gilt


Drawings; English; Designs; Silver; Silver Designs


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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