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Panel - The Coronation of the Virgin

The Coronation of the Virgin

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    15th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved alabaster

  • Credit Line:

    Alfred Williams Hearn Gift

  • Museum number:

    A.28-1923

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This alabaster panel representing The Coronation of the Virgin was probably made in the 15th century England. There was doubtless a representation of God the Holy Spirit either in the form of a third individual or as a Dove in the missing part of the panel above the head of the Virgin.

The carving of alabaster, mostly quarried in Tutbury and Chellaston near Nottingham, took on industrial proportions in England between the middle of the 14th and the early 16th centuries. The market for altarpieces and smaller devotional images was a large one. It included not only religious foundations but also the merchant classes. Many hundreds of English alabasters were exported, some as far afield as Iceland and Santiago de Compostela in north-west Spain.
Alabaster - a form of gypsum - is a comparatively soft material and is therefore easy to carve. It can also be polished. Its natural colour was especially useful for the representation of faces and flesh, which would normally remain unpainted.

Physical description

The crowned Virgin, wearing a close-fitting gown and a cloak fastened with a brooch, is enthroned in the centre of the panel, her hands held together. Above to the left, enthroned on a projection, is the crowned and bearded figure of God the Son, wearing a belt and a cloak fastened by a brooch. He turns towards the Virgin, his hands raised. A similar figure of God the Father is enthroned on the right of the panel, holding an orb in his left hand, right hand raised. Both are shown with bare feet; the Virgin wears shoes.

There was doubtless a representation of God the Holy Spirit either in the form of a third individual or as a Dove in the missing part of the panel above the head of the Virgin. The top of the panel has been damaged and reshaped in a zigzag outline, with a hole under each point. The top right side of the panel is missing. The carving is badly weathered. The left hand of the Son and the right hand of the Father are missing.

No paint remains of the panel. The back of the panel bears four holes, three plugged with lead with the remains of latten wire.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

15th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Carved alabaster

Dimensions

Height: 33 cm, Width: 23.4 cm

Object history note

Given by Alfred William Hearn in 1923.

Descriptive line

Alabaster panel depicting the Coronation of the Virgin. English, 15th century.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Cheetham, Francis. English Medieval Alabasters. Oxford: Phaidon-Christie's Limited, 1984. p. 218 (cat. 145), ill. ISBN 0-7148-8014-0

Materials

Alabaster

Techniques

Carving

Subjects depicted

Orb; Crown; Shoes; Brooch; Cloak; Belt; Gown

Categories

Christianity; Religion; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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