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  • Place of origin:

    Sindh (Tailored, made)
    Gujarat (Likely origin of the brocaded fabric, made)

  • Date:

    mid 19th century (made)
    ca. 1867 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This luxurious robe is a courtly garment, worn by a young man in Sindh, Pakistan. It is made of silk and gold fabric, lined with red and yellow silk. the distinctive circular opening, combined with a rectangular panel to cover the chest, identifies this garment as an angarkha, which simply means 'protector of the body'. The upper part of the robe is evidently its focal point, and it is made more elaborate by the addition of a row of non-functional 'buttons' around one side of the front opening. Like all robes of this type, the distinctive round neck and waist are fastened by silk ties - in this case in red, blue and yellow - which are also used for the colourful piping around the neck and edges. It would have been paired with narrow trousers (paijama) of silk and gold fabric.

Physical description

Man's robe (angarkha) of red silk woven with silver-gilt-wrapped thread, lined and quilted, with red, yellow and blue silk edging and ties.

Place of Origin

Sindh (Tailored, made)
Gujarat (Likely origin of the brocaded fabric, made)


mid 19th century (made)
ca. 1867 (made)




Length: 104 cm across sleeves, Width: 114 cm across sleeves

Object history note

Transferred from the India Museum in 1879.

Descriptive line

Man's robe (angarkha), red silk woven with silver-gilt wrapped thread, Sindh, Pakistan, mid 19th century; Textiles; Men's Clothes

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

p.44, pl. 71
Colours of the Indus : costume and textiles of Pakistan / Nasreen Askari and Rosemary Crill. London: Merrell Holberton in association with the Victoria and Albert Museum, 1997 Number: 1858940443
pps. 140-141
Jackson, Anna and Ji Wei (eds.) with Rosemary Crill, Ainsley M. Cameron and Nicholas Barnard, compiled by the Palace Museum, translated by Yuan Hong, Qi Yue and Liu Ran. The Splendour of India' Royal Courts : Collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum. Beijing: the Forbidden City Publishing House, 2013. Text in English and Chinese. ISBN 9787513403917.
p.12-13 (ill.)
Dress in detail from around the world / Rosemary Crill, Jennifer Wearden and Verity Wilson ; with contributions from Anna Jackson and Charlotte Horlyck ; photographs by Richard Davis, drawings by Leonie Davis. London: V&A Publications, 2002 Number: 1851773770 (hbk), 1851773789 (pbk)


Silk thread; Silk


Weaving; Tailoring


Clothing; Textiles; Men's clothes; India Museum


South & South East Asia Collection

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