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Daguerreotype - Parliament Street from Trafalgar Square
  • Parliament Street from Trafalgar Square
    de Ste Croix, M.
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Parliament Street from Trafalgar Square

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    London, England (made)

  • Date:

    1839 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    de Ste Croix, M. (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:


  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

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This is the oldest photograph in the Museum’s collection. It is a daguerreotype, a unique image formed on a silvered copper plate. The daguerreotype was the first photographic process, publicised in January 1839. It was named after its inventor, Louis Daguerre. Just a few weeks later the first public demonstration of the daguerreotype in London was organised by a Monsieur de St Croix. This is therefore among the very first photographs taken in London. The scene is reversed – as is characteristic of the process – and the image on the shiny surface is difficult to read. However, once caught at the correct angle, amazing detail emerges. In the foreground there is a statue of Charles I and in the distance the royal Banqueting House. There are also traces of the people who stayed still long enough to register on the exposure, which probably lasted some minutes.

Physical description

Whitehall From Trafalgar Square, daguerreotype.

Place of Origin

London, England (made)


1839 (made)


de Ste Croix, M. (maker)

Materials and Techniques



Height: 13.3 cm, Width: 17.2 cm

Descriptive line

Whitehall From Trafalgar Square, daguerreotype by M. De Ste.Croix, London, Britain, 1839.

Exhibition History

19th Century Photography: Victorian Visions (Lady Lever Art Gallery 01/12/2007-16/03/2008)

Labels and date

Gallery 100, ‘History of photography’, 2011-2012, label text :

Attributed to M. de Ste Croix
(dates unknown, active 1839)
Parliament Street from Trafalgar Square

This daguerreotype is the oldest photograph in the
V&A collection and among the first made in England.
It was taken by a Monsieur de Ste Croix as a public
demonstration just weeks after Louis Daguerre’s
announcement of photography. The incredibly
detailed image shows the statue of King Charles I
in the foreground and the Royal Banqueting House
in the distance.

Museum no. Ph.1-1986

[07 03 2014]

Subjects depicted

Parliament Street

Collection code


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