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Sampler

Sampler

  • Place of origin:

    Netherlands (made)

  • Date:

    late 18th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Maas, Janette (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Linen embroidered with coloured silks

  • Museum number:

    T.11-1937

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

The earliest samplers were reference works for embroiderers. They showed 'samples' of patterns and stitches and recorded how to achieve particular effects. In Europe in the 17th century samplers provided instruction and practice for girls learning needlework. This Dutch sampler from the late 18th century may have been made in Zeeland or Zuid-Holland, as for this area the motifs of parrots and rich flowers are typical.

Physical description

Linen sampler embroidered with coloured silks in cross-stitch. In the centre is a square-built house with deep roof over which are set the initials 'J.M.' The sampler is signed at the top 'Jannette Maas'. At the bottom is an heraldic lion rampant encircled within a green hedge. The rest of the sampler is filled with symmetrically treated flowers in pots, sprig ornaments and men bearing vine branches. On either side of the house are large birds on flower sprigs. A goemetrical scroll border runs round the panel and six-pointed stars are set in each corner. The colours are predominantly pink, yellow and green with some use of brick-red and blues.

Place of Origin

Netherlands (made)

Date

late 18th century (made)

Artist/maker

Maas, Janette (made)

Materials and Techniques

Linen embroidered with coloured silks

Marks and inscriptions

'Jannette Maas'
Signature and decoration; along the top edge of the sampler; embroidering; late 18th century

'J.M.'
Signature and decoration; Relates to the name 'Jannette Maas' embroidered at the top of the sampler; in the centre of the sampler above the house; embroidering; late 18th century

Dimensions

Length: 8.5 in, Width: 11 in

Descriptive line

Embroidered linen sampler dating from the late 18th century from Zeeland or Zuid-Holland

Production Note

Attributed to Zeeland or Zuid-Holland by Rosalie Sloof, researcher, Fries Museum, Leeuwarden in 2002 because of motifs of parrots and rich flowers

Materials

Linen; Embroidery silks

Techniques

Embroidering

Subjects depicted

Floral patterns; Lion; Stars; Stylized birds

Categories

Embroidery

Production Type

Unique

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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