Carpet

1800-1876 (made)
Carpet thumbnail 1
Carpet thumbnail 2
+1
images
Not currently on display at the V&A

Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

Small carpets with a single arch or niche in the design are often referred to as 'prayer carpets'. Carpets or embroidered cloths [which are easier to carry around] are often used to define a person's space during Muslim prayer rituals. The arch is usually understood to represent the mihrab or decorative panel in the wall of a mosque which indicates the direction of Mecca.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Hand knotted woollen pile, on woollen warp and cotton weft; symmetrical knots, with some double knotting and some vertical lines of asymmetrical knotting, possibly to rectify the shape of the weaving; 94 knots per sq. in (1,428 per sq. dm)
Brief Description
1800s, Caucasian; Gabistan, Azerbaijan
Physical Description
Carpet, Prayer Carpet, hand knotted woollen pile on woollen warp and cotton weft, Caucasian, 19th century



WARP: cream and brown wool plied 2 cream plus 1 brown; Z3S; 17 threads per inch (68 per dm). NB: extra warp threads have been introduced in the lower, outer border 12 times.



WEFT: white cotton; Z2S; 2, sometimes 3 or 4 shoots after each row of knots; the number of rows of knots varies with an average of 11 per inch (42 per dm).



PILE: wool; 9 colours: dark red, red, dark yellow, green, dark blue, blue, dark brown, light brown, cream; symmetrical knots (NB some double knotting, eg towards the top of the niche; some vertical lines of apparently asymmetrical knotting, eg in the lower left field. Both variations may be to rectify the shape of the weaving); the knots tied around 2 threads; 94 knots per sq. inch (1428 per sq. dm).



SIDE FINISH: both sides missing.



END FINISH: lower: incomplete; 3/8" (1 cm) plain weave with white cotton, then 2" (5 cms) max of knotted fringe tied in groups of 5 warp threads. Upper: incomplete; as above but only 12" (4 cms) of fringe.



DESIGN: field: cream ground with jagged, dark blue lattice with yellow-centred crosses at each junction and framing eight offset bands of five or six varied floral sprigs with six further sprigs within the niche. Each spandrel contains two sprigs within their lattice and other floral and geometric motifs, including a pseudo date. The niche is outlined by an angular, dark blue band bearing small flowers separated by a single-angle green line.

Main border: red ground with multi-coloured, angular and barred S motifs, their forked terminals ending in triangles. At the two lower corners there is a dark blue square bearing a white cross.

Inner border: this is as the outline band of the niche.

Innermost border: reciprocal diamond-headed design in dark brown and blue with a modified version in the lower border.

Catalogue Date: 29.3.95
Dimensions
  • Maximum length: 146cm
  • Minimum length: 142cm
  • Maximum width: 101cm
  • Minimum width: 94.5cm
  • Weight: 13kg
Style
Subjects depicted
Summary
Small carpets with a single arch or niche in the design are often referred to as 'prayer carpets'. Carpets or embroidered cloths [which are easier to carry around] are often used to define a person's space during Muslim prayer rituals. The arch is usually understood to represent the mihrab or decorative panel in the wall of a mosque which indicates the direction of Mecca.
Collection
Accession Number
358-1878

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record createdSeptember 3, 2002
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