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Carpet

Carpet

  • Place of origin:

    Iran (made)
    Isfahan (possibly)

  • Date:

    1600-1625 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Hand knotted silk pile, on cotton warp and wool and silk weft, with areas brocaded with metal thread; asymmetrical knot, open to the left; 280 knots per sq. in (5,040 per sq. dm)

  • Credit Line:

    Bequest of George Salting

  • Museum number:

    T.404-1910

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Large areas of this field are woven with metal thread so the silk pile stands out, both physically and visually, against the glittering background. Carpets like this were highly esteemed in Europe and many of the surviving examples were originally diplomatic gifts to European monarchs and ambassadors.

Physical description

Carpet, Polonaise design, hand knotted silk pile on cotton warp and woollen and silk weft with areas brocaded with metal thread, Persian, early 17th century.
WARP: white cotton (z-spun, new analysis 03/09/15); unable to ascertain spin, ply or twist, 35 threads per inch (140 per dm); depressed.
WEFT: red wool and yellow silk; z-spun, unplied; 3 shoots after each row of knots (1 wool, 1 silk, 1 wool); 16 knots per inch (72 per dm). Brocaded thread: silver strip over white silk and silver strip over yellow silk. These brocaded threads do not go through to the back of the carpet, possibly because of the depressed warp. Seems to have been brocaded over 6 threads.
PILE: silk; 7 colours: yellow, green, dark blue, blue, light blue, beige, black; asymmetrical knot open to the left and tied around 2 threads; 280 knots per sq. inch (5040 per sq. dm)
SIDE FINISH: one cord oversewn with yellow silk
END FINISH: cut
DESIGN: Two ogival medallions each with a striped composite blossom. The ground is filled with arabesques, flowering stems and blossoms.
Main border: blossoms, palmettes in lobed medallions linked by elaborate arabesques.
Inner and outer border: floral meander.
Catalogue date: 9.8.91 (warp re-analysed 03/09/15, identified as cotton not wool)

Place of Origin

Iran (made)
Isfahan (possibly)

Date

1600-1625 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Hand knotted silk pile, on cotton warp and wool and silk weft, with areas brocaded with metal thread; asymmetrical knot, open to the left; 280 knots per sq. in (5,040 per sq. dm)

Dimensions

Length: 208 cm, Width: 149 cm

Object history note

This carpet was first published in 1885, in the catalogue of a temporary exhibition, "Persian and Arab Art", held at the Burlington Fine Arts Club in London. A press review of the exhibition praised the carpet as follows: "a marvellous carpet, refined in gorgeousness of effect, with light grounds of golden and silver threads picked out with velvet devices in rich blues and delicate greens, bordered with fair blue and yellow arabesques. This specimen is supposed to have been made by Persian workmen in Poland; but the evidence in favour of the supposition does not present itself on the face of the carpet, though there has been considerable effort to restablish the reputation of a doubtful Polish factory" (The Builder, 28 March 1885: 437-8). When the exhibition closed in July of that same year, the carpet was given to the South Kensington Museum (today the V&A) on long-term loan from its owner, the art collector George Salting. In 1910, it became part of the permanent collection, along with many other objects in the Salting Bequest.

Descriptive line

Middle East, Carpet. Carpet, silk knotted pile on cotton warp and wool-silk-wool triple wefts, silver brocaded areas, 'Polonaise' design of two half-palmette medallions along vertical central axis against brocaded ground, Isfahan, Safavid Iran, 1600-1625

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Burlington Fine Arts Club, Illustrated Catalogue of Specimens of Persian and Arab Art exhibited in 1885 (London: 1885) no.591.
Sheila R. Canby, Shah `Abbas. The Remaking of Iran (London: British Museum Press, 2009) no.119.
Jennifer Wearden Oriental Carpets and their Structure, Highlights from the V&A Collection (London: V&A, 2003) 93, 136.

Materials

Wool yarn; Cotton fibre; Silk; Metal thread

Techniques

Weaving; Knotting

Subjects depicted

Stylized flowers

Categories

Textiles; Floor coverings

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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