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Carpet

Carpet

  • Place of origin:

    Turkmenistan (made)

  • Date:

    1870-1880 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Wool knotted pile on wool foundation; asymmetrical knot, open to the right; 36 knots per sq. in (612 per sq. dm)
    WARP: dark brown hair twisted with some cream; Z2S; 8 threads per inch (35 per dm)
    WEFT: dark brown wool; Z-spun, unplied; 2 shoots after each row of knots; 9 knots per inch (35 per dm).
    PILE: wool; 8 colours: red, orange, yellow, dark green, dark blue, blue, dark brown, white; asymmetrical knot open to the right and tied around 2 threads; 36 knots per inch (612 per sq.dm)
    SIDE FINISH: 3 cords overcast in blocks of red and dark brown with green occasionally replacing the brown.
    END FINISH: Lower: incomplete; max. 22" (6 cms) plain weave in bands of dark brown/red/yellow/red/dark brown/red woollen weft. Upper: incomplete; max. 3" (7.5 cms) plain weave with red weft with a group of three narrow dark green bands.

  • Museum number:

    962(IS)-1883

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

There are several small areas of pink and mid-blue in this carpet which are where worn pile was been re-knotted before it was acquired by the Museum. Repairs made in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were often invisible when done, but sometimes the dyes fade dramatically over time so that re-knotting becomes very obvious.

Physical description

Carpet, Ersari Turkoman, Turkmenistan, Central Asian, c.1870-1880
DESIGN: Field: dark blue ground (occasionally dark brown). The pattern is composed of two repeating bands: the predominant, repeated six times, has three large red palmettes separated by a rosette with red, white and yellow petals; the latter bracketed diagonally by a curved red leaf. The other band, repeated seven times, has a central, predominantly red, rosette with two pairs of red leaves on either side and flanked by two further rosettes.
Main border: ground as Field with large varigated rosetttes, separated by a pair of red X-motifs. On either side is a narrow border with a yellow ground and red lozenges containing a small white floret edged on one side with dark brown or blue.
Inner border: dark brown ground filled with large semi-circular red blossoms.
Outer border: ground as Field with angular S-motifs with, partway up both sides, a repeated small motif of a circle with a arrow top and bottom.
Date catalogued: 16.4.96

Place of Origin

Turkmenistan (made)

Date

1870-1880 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown (made)

Materials and Techniques

Wool knotted pile on wool foundation; asymmetrical knot, open to the right; 36 knots per sq. in (612 per sq. dm)
WARP: dark brown hair twisted with some cream; Z2S; 8 threads per inch (35 per dm)
WEFT: dark brown wool; Z-spun, unplied; 2 shoots after each row of knots; 9 knots per inch (35 per dm).
PILE: wool; 8 colours: red, orange, yellow, dark green, dark blue, blue, dark brown, white; asymmetrical knot open to the right and tied around 2 threads; 36 knots per inch (612 per sq.dm)
SIDE FINISH: 3 cords overcast in blocks of red and dark brown with green occasionally replacing the brown.
END FINISH: Lower: incomplete; max. 22" (6 cms) plain weave in bands of dark brown/red/yellow/red/dark brown/red woollen weft. Upper: incomplete; max. 3" (7.5 cms) plain weave with red weft with a group of three narrow dark green bands.

Dimensions

Length: 252 cm, Width: 131 cm, Height: 6 mm pile maximum, Weight: 9 kg

Descriptive line

Middle East, Textile, Carpet; Carpet, wool pile on wool foundation, design of offset rosette flowers and leaves on dark ground, Ersari Turkoman, Turkmenistan, 1870-1880

Production Note

Mentionedand illustrated in "Turkoman Rugs in the V & A", by M. Franses and R. Pinner (intro. by Donald King). Analysis by L. Pinner. Hali 1980, Vol. 2, No. 4, p. 302, 311, 315

Materials

Wool

Techniques

Knotted pile; Knotting

Subjects depicted

Stylized flowers

Categories

Textiles; Floor coverings

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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