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Prophet Ezekiel

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    Cologne (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1470 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Clear and coloured glass with painted details and yellow (silver) stain

  • Credit Line:

    Given by J. Pierpont Morgan, Jr

  • Museum number:

    C.78-1919

  • Gallery location:

    Sacred Silver & Stained Glass, Room 84, The Whiteley Galleries, case S4

The Christian Church has always believed that God had spoke through his prophets. They were seen as the deliverers of God's messages concerning the future, including the Coming of the Messiah. The major prophets include Ezekiel.

Stained glass panels with figures of prophets bearing scrolls with text are also known as 'messenger panels', because they convey these divinely inspired prophecies or messages.
The Latin text on the scroll that Ezekiel holds is abbreviated. In translation it reads: 'I shall pour out pure water upon you'.

Originally, the panel would have been placed above or below a larger one depicting a scene from the New Testament. The scene would be related to the prophecy recorded on the prophet’s scroll. Here it would be the image of the Baptism of Christ. This arrangement is known as a ‘typology’, by which persons or events in the Old Testament are prophetic symbols of ones in the New Testament.

This panel was originally one a series depicting the prophets. It may been in the church of St Cecilia in Cologne. The windows from this church have been dispersed and can be found in other museum collections in Britain and the United States.

Physical description

Drop-shaped stained glass panel depicting the Prophet Ezekiel, wearing a turban and holding a scroll on which is inscribed "EFFU DA SUPER VOS AQUAM MU DAM".

Place of Origin

Cologne (made)

Date

ca. 1470 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Clear and coloured glass with painted details and yellow (silver) stain

Marks and inscriptions

"EFFU DA SUPER VOS AQUAM MU DAM"
Decoration; incorporated into decoration: on Prophet's scroll; stained glass

Dimensions

Height: 11 in, Width: 10.5 in

Historical context note

From the earliest centuries of the Christian Church it was believed that God had spoken through his prophets. So they were thought of as the deliverers of His messages concerning the future including the Coming of the Messiah. The major prophets include Ezekiel.

Stained glass panels with figures of the prophets bearing scrolls with text are known as 'prophet (or messenger) panels' because they convey these divinely inspired prophecies or messages.

The text on the scroll that Ezekiel holds is abbreviated and translates from the Latin as:

I shall pour out pure water upon you

The panel would have originally been placed above or below a larger panel depicting a scene from the New Testament. This scene would be related to the prophecy recorded on the prophet's scroll. Here it would be the image of the Baptism of Christ. This arrangement is known as a 'typology' by which persons or events in the Old Testament are prophetic symbols of persons or events in the New Testament.

This panel was originally one a series depicting the prophets which may been in the Church of St. Cecilia in Cologne. The windows from this church have been dispersed and can be found in other museum collections in Britain and in the United States.

Descriptive line

Panel of clear and coloured glass with painted details and yello (silver) stain depicting the prophet Ezekiel holding a scroll. Made in Germany (Cologne), 15th century.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Williamson, Paul. Medieval and Renaissance Stained Glass in the Victoria and Albert Museum. London, 2003. ISBN 1851774041

Production Note

Cologne School

Subjects depicted

Turban; Scroll

Categories

Stained Glass; Religion; Christianity

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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