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Carpet

  • Place of origin:

    Iran (made)

  • Date:

    1525-1550 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Hand knotted woollen pile, on silk warp and weft, with brocade metal thread; asymmetrical knot, open to the left; 484 knots per sq. in (7,744 per sq. dm)

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Charles T. Garland

  • Museum number:

    T.77-1919

  • Gallery location:

    Islamic Middle East, Room 42, The Jameel Gallery, case WW1

The design of this carpet is composed mainly of motifs characteristic of carpets made in Iran during the rule of the Safavid dynasty (1501-1722). From about 1500 designers in Iran developed a style that depicted figures and symmetrical floral scrollwork designs set with fantastic blossoms, as shown here. The wolves at the top, however, are unusual.

Physical description

Carpet fragment, probably half of the original; hand-knotted woollen pile on silk warp and weft; Persian, 16th century.
Warp: white silk, Z2S, 44 threads per inch/176 per dm; depressed.
Weft: white silk; unable to ascertain spin, ply and twist; 3 shoots after each row of knots; 22 threads per inch/88 per dm. There are brocaded metal strips: one loosely wound around a white silk core, and one loosely wound around a yellow silk core; both are brocaded over groups of three warp threads.
Pile: wool; 14 colours: dark red, red, dark yellow, yellow, green, light green, light blue, blue, dark blue, dark pink, pink, light brown, black, white. Asymmetrical knot tied aorund two warp threads and open to the left; 484 knots per sq. inch/ 7744 per sq.dm
Side and End Finishes: not original; one cord oversewn with faded purple wool.
Design: Dark blue ground with almost half a lobed medallion trunctated by the cut across the width of the carpet. The medallion has a brocaded groundwith green interlocking cloud bands, edged in black, green arabesques outlined in red overlaying a thin red arabesque; all with small floral motifs and the whole outlined with a dark red serrated edging outlined in green with little white buds marking the lobes. Below this is a white cartouche and pendant, to ither side of which is a large ovoid mostly contianing a large chi-lin on a pink ground.In the lower large quarter medallion of green outlined with brocaded details, there is an angel dressed in pink. On the dark blue field there is athin light blue arabesque carrying a variety of blossoms and leaves on top of which are wolves, braoced lions and grazelles being attacked by cheetahs.
Main border: missing. Only one inner border remains along the lower edge; it has a dark red ground with a thin white meander containing small light blue and brocaded flowerheads and joining white blossoms bracketed by a pair of orange leaves.
Date catalogued: 26/01/2000

Place of Origin

Iran (made)

Date

1525-1550 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Hand knotted woollen pile, on silk warp and weft, with brocade metal thread; asymmetrical knot, open to the left; 484 knots per sq. in (7,744 per sq. dm)

Dimensions

Length: 139 cm, Width: 105.5 cm

Object history note

Gift of Charles T. Garland, from the collection of his late father James A. Garland.

Descriptive line

Carpet fragment, wool knotted pile with metal brocade on silk foundation, medallion design with angels and animals on dark blue ground, Safavid Iran, 1525-1550

Labels and date

FRAGMENT OF A SMALL 16TH CENTURY PERSIAN CARPET with part of the central medallion and two corner medallions decorated with animals and winged angels or peris. Lions, cheetas [sic] and deer or antelope are the most usual anumals to be found on such carpets and even the inclusion of the Chinese chi-lin (in the two ogival motifs) is not uncommon, but this design has, in addition, two wolves (at the top) and two jackals (one in the middle of each side, slinking away from the hunting cheeta).

This is a finely woven carpet in which the woollen pile has been enriched with the use of large amounts [of] brocaded metal thread.

T.77-1919
Given by Charles T. Garland [unknown]
Carpet Fragment with Animals and Angels
Iran
1500-1700

The carpet from which this fragment came belongs to a disputed group. Many doubt its attribution to Safavid Iran, even though the design is composed mainly of characteristically Safavid elements. The wolves at the top, however, are unusual.

Silk warp and weft, wool pile, metal-wrapped thread

Museum no. T.77-1919. Given by Charles T. Garland [Jameel Gallery]

Production Note

Possibly Qazvin or Tabriz.

Materials

Wool; Silk

Techniques

Weaving; Knotting

Subjects depicted

Stylized flowers; Lion; Chilin; Angel; Medallion; Wolf; Cheetah; Deer; Gazelle

Categories

Textiles; Floor coverings

Collection

Middle East Section

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