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Statuette - Henry IV destroying his enemies
  • Henry IV destroying his enemies
    Prieur, Barthélémy
  • Enlarge image

Henry IV destroying his enemies

  • Object:

    Statuette

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1603 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Prieur, Barthélémy (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Bronze

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Dr W. L. Hildburgh, FSA

  • Museum number:

    A.42-1956

  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture, Room 117, case 1

This statuette, of Henri IV of France victorious over his enemies, was made in about 1603 by Barthélémy Prieur, in France.

Prieur (ca. 1536-1611) was one of the most prolific French sculptors of bronze statuettes in the decades around 1600. From 1564 to 1567 he worked in Turin as court sculptor to Duke Emanuel-Philibert of Savoy. In 1591, Henry IV appointed him as his Court Sculptor and in this role he worked on the interior decoration of the Palais du Louvre, Paris. A version of this statuette is documented as being on display in the Louvre Palace in 1603. Henry IV commissioned many images of himself for propaganda purposes. The inventory made at Prieur's death in 1611 includes three busts of the King and Queen, together with a 'figure of the late King on horseback with two captives below'. Several versions of the composition exist, including examples in the Musée Henri IV, Pau (formerly Louvre), the Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg and the Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, Brunswick.

Physical description

King Henry is depicted on a rearing horse, striking down two opponents, one of whom is trying to ward off the sabre about to crash down upon him. Bronze with brown patina.

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

ca. 1603 (made)

Artist/maker

Prieur, Barthélémy (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Bronze

Marks and inscriptions

'No. 144'
Around the base

Dimensions

Weight: 3.5 kg, Height: 20 cm, Length: 19 cm, Width: 17 cm

Object history note

Given by Dr. W. L. Hildburgh, F. S. A., 1956.

Historical significance: This theme is inspired by Antiquity. Henry IV dispersed images of his royal person in the form of medallions and small busts, many of the latter were produced by Prieur.

Historical context note

This bronze was used as a furniture bronze. The use of small bronzes as decoration for grand furniture was very common, as can also be seen by a version of the same group at Hatfield House, which is mounted on a 17th century French cabinet.

Descriptive line

Statuette, bronze, Henry IV destroying his enemies, by Barthélémy Prieur, French, ca. 1603

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Berger, U. and Krahn, V., Bronzen der Renaissance und des Barock, Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum, Braunschweig, 1994, cat. 234, pp. 292-295
Wenley, R., 'French Royal Bronzes in Great Britain', in: Apollo, Vol. CL, no. 451, September 1999, pp. 3-12, fig. 14
Evelyn, Peta. 'Hubert le Sueur's equestrian bronzes at the Victoria & Albert Museum. In: The Burlington Magazine, (Feb. 1995), Vol. CXXXVII, No. 1103, p. 88, fig. 34, n. 14
Radcliffe, A., Baker, Malcolm and Maek-Gérard, Michael, The Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection. Renaissance and later Sculpture with works of art in bronze, London, 1992, cat. 57, p. 296, illus. 2

Materials

Bronze

Categories

Sculpture; Royalty; Bronze

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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