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Chalice

Chalice

  • Place of origin:

    Egypt (possibly, made)
    Syria (possibly, made)

  • Date:

    1250-1350 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Brass with inlaid silver

  • Museum number:

    761-1900

  • Gallery location:

    Islamic Middle East, Room 42, The Jameel Gallery, case 16

This chalice would have been used to serve the consecrated wine that forms part of the Christian Eucharist service. It is one of the many inlaid bass wares made in Egypt and Syria during the first cenury of Mamluk rule (1250-1350) for Christian patrons.

The decoration, with its band of silver inlay containing an Arabic inscription, is typically Islamic. The wording, however, states that it was made for 'the reverend father at the monastery of Dayr al-Madfan'.

Physical description

Chalice of cast brass, damascened in silver, with a wide inscription band around the outside of the bowl. The bowl sits on top of a stemmed foot which flares out at the bottom. Below the main inscription band on the bowl, is a single line of leafs in inlaid silver. The stem also features bands of inlaid decoration.

Place of Origin

Egypt (possibly, made)
Syria (possibly, made)

Date

1250-1350 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Brass with inlaid silver

Marks and inscriptions

Christian inscription
States that it was made for the righteous priest for the Convent of the Tomb (Dayr al-Madfan)
Arabic; Thuluth; Around bowl; inlay; silver

Dimensions

Height: 17 cm, Diameter: 10.6 cm

Descriptive line

Brass chalice inlaid with silver, Egypt or Syria, Mamluk period, 1250-1350.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Sievernich, Gereon, and Budde, Hendrik, Europa und der Orient 800-1900 , Berlin, 1989. Catalogue of the exhibition, 28 May - 27 August, 1989. 923 p., ill. ISBN 3750048144
Catalogue entry 4/89 p597, Ill.689 p595
Tim Stanley ed., with Mariam Rosser-Owen and Stephen Vernoit, Palace and Mosque: Islamic Art from the Middle East, London, V&A Publications, 2004; p. 38, plate 37
Boehm, B. D., and Holcomb, M. (eds.) Jerusalem 1000-1400: Every People Under Heaven (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York) 2016. p.110

Labels and date

Chalice
Brass with silver inlay.
Apparently made for Christian use by Muslim craftsmen.
Egyptian (Mamluk), early 14th c. [pre 2002]
Chalice
Egypt or Syria
1250-1350

The decoration on this chalice is typically Islamic, with its band of silver inlay containing an Arabic inscription. The wording, however, states that it was made for 'the reverend father at the monastery of Dayr al-Madfan'. This is one of many inlaid brass wares made for Christian patrons.

Brass inlaid with silver and a black composition

Museum no. 761-1900 [Jameel Gallery]

Production Note

One of many inlaid brass wares made for Christian patrons.

Materials

Brass; Silver

Techniques

Hammering; Damascening

Categories

Christianity; Metalwork

Collection

Middle East Section

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