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  • Date:

    after 1757 (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Pencil, pen and ink on paper

  • Credit Line:

    Purchased with Art Fund support and the National Heritage Memorial Fund

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Physical description

Design from the 'Leman Album', in pencil, pen and ink on a small, narrow rectangular piece of wove paper. The design depicts a vertical, floral meander and is placed vertically in the bottom right corner of a page of the album next to design E.1861.49-1991 (VS.43).


after 1757 (made)

Materials and Techniques

Pencil, pen and ink on paper

Object history note

This is a design from the so-called 'Leman album' which was bought from Vanners Silks Ltd. in 1991. Natalie Rothstein catalogued the designs before the album was bought by the Victoria and Albert Museum. She gave each design a VS number (for Vanners Silks) in her catalogue Silk Designs of the Eighteenth Century. The designs have been subsequently numbered by the Prints, Drawings and Paintings Department, however, a concordance exists.

Historical significance: The designs collected in the album are, with the exception of some fragmentary medieval examples in Italian collections, the earliest silk designs known to exist.

Descriptive line

Design for woven silk from the 'Leman Album', pencil, pen and ink and watercolour on laid paper, by James Leman, Spitalfields, possibly after 1757

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

p. 104
Rothstein, Natalie. Silk Designs of the Eighteenth Century in the Collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London with a Complete Catalogue with 473 Illustrations, 371 in Colour. London: Thames and Hudson, 1990. 351p., ill. ISBN 0500235899.

Production Note

The design does not appear to be on laid paper. It looks like wove paper which would date it to 1757 or later when James Whatman's wove paper first appeared in John Baskerville's 'Virgil', published in 1757.


Pencil; Ink; Wove paper


Painting; Drawing


Designs; Textiles


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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