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Henry Bennet, Earl of Arlington

  • Object:

    Print

  • Date:

    1739 (engraving (printing process))

  • Artist/Maker:

    Houbraken, Jacobus, born 1698 - died 1780 (engraved by)
    Lely, Peter (Sir), born 1618 - died 1680 (drawn by)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Line engraving on paper

  • Museum number:

    22449

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level D, case PP, shelf 30

A bust portrait of Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington (1618-85). Arlington was a Royalist in the Civil War, knighted by Charles II during his exile and made principle Secretary of State during the Restoration.

This is an eighteenth-century engraving by the Dutch engraver Jacobus Houbraken (1698-1780) after a portrait by the seventeenth-century artist Sir Peter Lely (1618-80). Houbraken was a Dutch engraver working in Amsterdam and the son of the painter and writer Arnold Houbraken. Lely, also of Dutch extraction, established a fashionable portrait practice in Covent Garden employing studio assistants to keep up with the growing demand for his services. In 1680 he was knighted by the King.

Arlington is depicted bust length in a Rococo-style frame wearing a fashionable wig and a black patch on his nose which covers a battle scar. The Rococo style, predominant during the mid-eighteenth century, is known for its asymmetry and patterns taken from nature. The frame surrounding Arlington is decorated with asymmetric curves and shell shapes.

Physical description

Bust-length portrait, turned slightly to the right, a black patch on the nose in a decorated oval.

Date

1739 (engraving (printing process))

Artist/maker

Houbraken, Jacobus, born 1698 - died 1780 (engraved by)
Lely, Peter (Sir), born 1618 - died 1680 (drawn by)

Materials and Techniques

Line engraving on paper

Marks and inscriptions

'Henry Bennet Earl of Arlington' printed in the oval border. 'P.Lely pinx. J. Houbraken scupls. Amst. In the Collection of Sr.Thomas Hanmer Bart. / Impensis J. & P. Knapton Londini 1739' printed beneath.

Dimensions

Height: 39 cm, Width: 24.7 cm

Historical context note

A bust portrait of Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington (1618-85). Arlington was a Royalist in the Civil War, knighted by Charles II during his exile and made principle Secretary of State during the Restoration.

Descriptive line

Portrait of Henry Bennet, First Earl of Arlington

Materials

Paper

Techniques

Line engraving

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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